Agronomical Agronomical Biochemical Biochemical Morphological Morphological Phenological Phenological Physiological Physiological Banana Banana Time from planting to shooting The time elapsed from planting to shooting (when the inflorescence emerges from the pseudostem and is still in an erect position). Length of vegetative stage Time from planting to shooting plant2shoot Calculate as: the time elapsed between the Date of planting and the Date of shooting, e.g. 24/09/2014 - 24/01/2014 = 243 days. Time from planting to shooting - computation Time from planting to shooting - computation day day Time from shooting to harvest Bunch maturation period Length of reproductive stage The time elapsed from shooting (when the inflorescence emerges from the pseudostem and is still in an erect position) to the harvest of the bunch. shoot2harvest Fruit-filling period Time from shooting to harvest Time of fruit-filling Bunch maturity period Calculate as: the time elapsed between the Date of shooting to the Date of harvest, e.g. 24/12/2014 - 24/09/2014 = 91 days. Time from shooting to harvest - computation Time from shooting to harvest - computation Time from planting to harvest plant2harvest Plant crop cycle The time elapsed from planting to the harvest of the bunch. Mother plant crop cycle Plant crop cycle Crop cycle Plant crop cycle - computation Plant crop cycle - computation Calculate as: the time elapsed between the Date of planting to the Date of harvest, e.g. 24/12/2014 - 24/01/2014 = 334 days. Plant height The height of the pseudostem of the plant, from the collar to the intersection of the petioles of the two youngest leaves. Plant height Pseudostem height plantheightpetioles Plant height - petiole of two youngest leaves - measurement Plant height - petiole of two youngest leaves - measurement Measure the distance from the collar, or from the pseudostem base at the ground if the collar is not visible, to the intersection of the petioles of the two youngest leaves (leaf ranks 1 and 2), using a measuring pole or sliding ruler. cm cm Plant girth Pseudostem girth plantcircumf100cm The circumference of the pseudostem of the plant at 100 cm from the collar. Plant circumference Plant circumference 100 cm from the collar Plant circumference 100 cm from the collar Pseudostem circumference Monthly leaf emission rate LER A rate that expresses the number of leaves that have emerged from the pseudostem in a month. Monthly leaf emission rate Monthly leaf emission rate - computation Calculate as: the Rank of previously marked leaf at one point in time, minus 1 (equivalent to the Rank of marked youngest leaf), divided by the time elapsed between the two Date of data collection events when the marked leaf was recorded as 1) the Rank of marked youngest leaf and 2) the Rank of previously marked leaf, e.g. (4 - 1) / 1 month = LER of 3 leaves/month during a particular time period. Monthly leaf emission rate - computation leaves/month leaves/month numsuckers The number of all types of suckers in the mat. Number of suckers Number of suckers Number of suckers - counting Number of suckers - counting Count how many of all types of suckers are in the mat. sucker sucker Height of following sucker Tallest sucker height suckerheight Height of tallest sucker Following sucker height Tallest sucker height The height of the pseudostem of the tallest sucker within the same mat as the plant (the sucker that will become the next plant with a bunch, once the bunch from the current plant is harvested) Tallest sucker height - measurement Tallest sucker height - measurement On the tallest sucker, measure the distance from the pseudostem base at the ground to the intersection of the petioles of the two youngest leaves (leaf ranks 1 and 2), using a measuring pole or sliding ruler. Bunch weight Bunch weight bunchweight The weight of the bunch, including the rachis. Bunch weight - measurement Harvest the bunch by cutting the peduncle 10 cm above the first ridge above the most proximal, hand and immediately below the most distal hand and weigh the bunch (including the rachis), using scales. Bunch weight - measurement kg kg numhands Number of hands in bunch The number of hands in the bunch. Number of hands in bunch Count how many hands are in the bunch. Number of hands in bunch - counting Number of hands in bunch - counting hand hand Calculated number of fingers in bunch The estimated number of fingers in the bunch based on a calculation using the number of fingers in the third and second-most distal hands and the number of hands in the bunch. Calculated number of fingers in bunch estnumfingers Number of fingers in bunch - counting Count how many fingers are in the bunch. Number of fingers in bunch - counting finger finger Number of fingers in hand The number of fingers in a hand. Number of fingers in hand numfingershand Count how many fingers are in a hand. Associate the data with the Hand rank. The recommendation is to collect this data from the second and second-most distal hands. Number of fingers in hand - counting Number of fingers in hand - counting finger finger Hand weight The weight of a hand. Hand weight handweight Cut a hand from the rachis and weigh the hand, using scales. Associate the data with the Hand rank. Hand weight - measurement Hand weight - measurement kg kg fingerweight Finger weight The weight of a finger. Finger weight Finger weight - measurement Finger weight - measurement Weigh a finger, using scales. Associate the data with the Hand rank. The recommendation is to collect this data from six fingers in total - three fingers in the middle of the outer whorl from the second hand and from the second-most distal hand. g g fingerextlength Finger external length The length of a finger measured along the external (dorsal) arc, excluding the pedicel and the fruit tip. Finger external length Finger dorsal length Measure the length of a finger that is at the 'ready to eat' stage, along the external (dorsal) arc, excluding the pedicel and the fruit tip, using a tape measure. Associate the data with the Hand rank and the Number of fingers measured. The recommendation is to collect this data from six fingers in total - three fingers in the middle of the outer whorl from the second hand and from the second-most distal hand. Finger external length - measurement Finger external length - measurement Finger girth fingercircumf Finger circumference Finger circumference The circumference of a finger. Measure the circumference of a finger at its widest point, using a tape measure. Associate the data with the Hand rank. The recommendation is to collect this data from six fingers in total - three fingers in the middle of the outer whorl from the second hand and from the second-most distal hand. Finger circumference - measurement Finger circumference - measurement mm mm Black Sigatoka disease incubation time DIT Black leaf streak disease incubation time Black leaf streak disease incubation time The time elapsed between a tagged cigar leaf at Brun's stage B of unrolling and the development of black leaf streak disease symptoms at Foure's black leaf streak disease severity grade 1. Black leaf streak disease incubation time - computation Black leaf streak disease incubation time - computation Calculate as: the time elapsed between the Date of tagged leaf presenting black leaf streak disease symptoms at Foure's stage 1 and the Date of tagged cigar leaf unrolling at stage B, e.g. 24/04/2014 - 24/03/2014 = 31 days. Black leaf streak disease evolution time DET Black Sigatoka disease evolution time The time elapsed between the development of black leaf streak disease symptoms at Foure's black leaf streak disease severity grade 1, to 6. Black leaf streak disease evolution time