Sorghum trait Sorghum trait Flag leaf weight Weight of the flag leaf. Flag leaf weight FlgLfW Total leaf weight without flag leaf weight. LFWT1 Rest of leaves weight Rest of leaves weight LfDMYld The leaf biomass expressed in dry matter basis that was harvested per unit area. Leaf biomass dry matter basis yield Leaf biomass dry matter basis yield Grain dry matter basis yield The weight of grain expressed in dry matter basis that was harvested per unit area. Grain dry matter basis yield GDMYld Grain number per panicle Grain number per panicle GNoPcle Number of grains per panicle. Panicle partitioning Panicle harvest index Proportion of harvested panicle weight over whole above ground biomass weight. PcleHI Panicle harvest index PcleNo Panicle number Number of panicles. Panicle number Panicle weight without grain Panicle weight without grain PCleWWoG Weight of the panicle without grain. Stover nitrogen digestibility Stover Nitrogen digestibility value. Stover nitrogen digestibility StoND Grain harvest index Proportion of harvested grain weight over whole above ground biomass weight. HI Grain harvest index Biomass partitioning Whole above ground biomass Whole above ground biomass dry matter basis yield The whole above ground biomass expressed in dry matter basis that was harvested per unit area. Whole above ground biomass dry matter basis yield Stem biomass yield at harvest The stem biomass expressed fresh (field) basis that was harvested per unit area. StmHvYld Stem biomass yield at harvest The content of sodium ion content measured in the stems. Stem sodium content StmNa Stem sodium content The content of potassium ion measured in the stems. Stem potassium content StmK Stem potassium content Flowering time. Flo Flowering time Flowering time Leaf to stem weight ratio The ratio of leaves weight over stem weight. LfStmWRatio Leaf to stem weight ratio StoOMD Stover organic matter digestibility Stover organic matter digestibility Organic matter digestibility value derived from chemical analysis of dried and ground stover, usually using Near Infrared Reflectance Spectrophotometry (NIRS). Harvest time Hvst Harvest time Harvest time. StoEng Stover metabolised energy Metabolised energy value derived from chemical analysis of dried and ground stover. Stover metabolised energy StmNdlTNo Stem nodal tiller number Number of nodal tillers arising from the upper nodes in sorghum stem. Stem nodal tiller number Plant basal tiller number Number of basal tillers. PBTNo Plant basal tiller number Panicle width Width of the panicle. Panicle width PcleWid GSCoat Grain subcoat presence Grain subcoat presence Presence or absence of a seed subcoat. GCol Grain color Grain color Color of the grain. GSz The size of the grain. Grain size Grain size GLstr Grain lustre. Grain lustre Grain lustre Panicle exertion Panicle exertion Length of peduncle emerged from the flag leaf sheath. PcleEx Panicle compactness and shape Panicle compactness and shape Compactness and shape of the panicle. PcleCpt Leaf color Leaf color. Leaf color LfCol Pigmentation of the leaf-vein. LfVCol Leaf vein color Leaf vein color Leaf midrib color. Leaf midrib color Leaf midrib color LfMRCol Sorghum downy mildew incidence Sorghum downy mildew incidence SDMInc Sorghum downy mildew incidence on sorghum plants. Caused by Peronospora sp. RustInc Incidence of rust on sorghum plants. Causative agent: Puccinia purpurea. Sorghum rust incidence Sorghum rust incidence Damage caused by insects on plants. Insect damage Insect damage InsDmg Sorghum shoot fly incidence Shoot fly (Atherigona soccata) incidence on sorghum plants. SSFlyInc Sorghum shoot fly incidence SBorerInc Sorghum stem borer incidence Stem borer (Chilo partellus) incidence on sorghum plants. Sorghum stem borer incidence Grain number per panicle - Computation Grain number per panicle - Computation Calculate using the formula. grain/panicle grain/panicle Grain weight per panicle Grain weight per panicle The weight of grains per panicle. GWPcle Grain weight per panicle - Computation Grain weight per panicle - Computation Calculate using the formula. g/panicle g/panicle PcleHvYld The weight of panicles expressed fresh (field) basis that was harvested per unit area. Panicle yield at harvest Panicle yield at harvest Panicle Yield at harvest - Measurement Panicle Yield at harvest - Measurement Record panicle weight after harvest. g/plot g/plot Grain weight The weight of grain per sample (single, 100, 200, 1000). Grain weight GW Thousand Grain Weight - Measurement Thousand Grain Weight - Measurement Count and weigh 1000 grains. g g Stover Biomass dry matter basis yield StoDMYld Stover Biomass dry matter basis yield The stover biomass yield expressed as a quantity of dry matter harvested per unit area. Stover biomass dry matter basis yield (g/plot) - Computation Calculate using the formula. Stover biomass dry matter basis yield (g/plot) - Computation Mat Maturity time Maturity time. Maturity time Record maturity date, observed as onset of black spot on the bottom of the grain panicle. Maturity date - Estimation Maturity date - Estimation Julian day Julian day PH Plant height Length of the main stalk from the base of the stalk to the tip of the panicle. Plant height Measure plant height, usually recorded in several plants 15 to 20 days after the end of flowering. Plant height - Measurement Plant height - Measurement cm cm Proportion of grain surface covered by glumes Grain covering Grain covering GCov Grain covering - Estimation Visual observation of covering of grain by glumes. Grain covering - Estimation GCov Score (1-5) GCov Score (1-5) 1= Grain surface completely covered 4= 75% Grain Surface Covered 5= Grain Surface completely not Covered 2= 25% Grain Surface Covered 3= 50% Grain Surface Covered Length of the panicle. Panicle length Panicle length PcleLng Measure length of the panicle from the first primary branch to the top. Panicle length - Measurement Panicle length - Measurement GlmCol Glume color Color of the glumes. Glume color Glume color - Estimation Glume color - Estimation Observe glumes color. GlmCol Score (1-4) GlmCol Score (1-4) 1= Yellow 4= Mix 2= Red 3= Black Panicle threshability PcleThrs The threshability of the panicle, either difficult to thresh, freely threshable or partly threshable. Panicle threshability Panicle threshability - Estimation At the time of threshing, visually estimate the percentage of grains and glumes adhering to assign a score corresponding. Panicle threshability - Estimation PcleThrs Score (1-9) PcleThrs Score (1-9) 1= Very difficult, less than 50% of grains threshed 4=NA 5 =intermediate 80 to 84% of grain threshed 2=NA 3= Difficult, 60 to 69% of grain threshed 8=NA 9= Excellent 99 to 100% of grain threshed 6=NA 7= Good, 90 to 94% of grain threshed GMoldSev Grain mold severity caused by agents Aspergillus spp and/or Penicillium spp. Grain mold severity Grain mold severity Grain mold severity - Estimation Grain mold severity - Estimation Record severity as extent of grain surface covered with mold, usually observed when majority of grains in the middle part of panicle have matured. Molded grain show pink, orange, gray, white or black discoloration depending on the fungus involved. GMoldInc Score (1-9) GMoldInc Score (1-9) 1= < 1 % of grains surface molded (Highly Resistant, HR) 4= 11-20% of grains surface molded (Moderately Resistant, MR) 5= 21-30% of grains surface molded, (Moderately Susceptible, MS) 2= 1-5% of grains surface molded, (Resistant, R) 3= 6-10% of grains surface molded, (Resistant, R) 8= 51-75 % of grains surface molded, (Highly Susceptible, HS) 9= 76-100% of grains surface molded, (Highly Susceptible, HS) 6= 31-40% of grains surface molded, (Susceptible, S) 7= 41-50% of grains surface molded, (Susceptible, S) Grain anthracnose severity on grain caused by Colletotrichum graminicola. GAnthrSev Grain anthracnose severity Grain anthracnose severity Record disease severity at maturity on a sample of 5 panicles or more. Grain anthracnose severity - Estimation Grain anthracnose severity - Estimation GAnthrSev Score (1-5) GAnthrSev Score (1-5) 1= 0 % of grains damaged on a panicle, (Highly Resistant, HR) 4= 26-50% of grains damaged on a panicle, (Susceptible, S) 5= > 50% of grains damaged on a panicle (Highly Susceptible, HS) 2= 1-10% of grains damaged on a panicle (Resistant, R) 3= 11- 25% of grains damaged on a panicle ( Moderately Resistant, MR) Foliar anthracnose severity FAnthrSev Foliar anthracnose severity Foliar anthracnose severity on Sorghum, disease caused by Colletotrichum graminicola. Foliar anthracnose severity - Estimation Foliar anthracnose severity - Estimation Record disease severity at the soft-dough stage on the top four leaves that contribute most to grain development or on all plant. FAnthrSev Score (1-9) FAnthrSev Score (1-9) 1= 0 to < 1 % leaf area with mild yellow flecks, HR 4= 11-20% leaf area covered with small necrotic lesions, MR 5= 21-30% area covered with small necrotic coalescing lesions, MR 2= 1-5% leaf area covered with hypersensitive small lesions, R 3= 6-10% leaf area covered with hypersensitive small lesions, R 8= 51-75 % leaf area covered with large coalescing necrotic lesions, HS 9= 76-100% leaf area covered with large coalescing necrotic lesions, HS 6= 31-40% area covered with large coalescing necrotic lesions, S 7= 41-50% leaf area covered with large coalescing necrotic lesions, S AgApp Plant type desirability. Plant agronomic appreciation Plant agronomic appreciation Plant agronomic appreciation - Estimation Plant agronomic appreciation - Estimation Observation of the morphology of the variety to give an agronomic score. AgApp Score (1-5) AgApp Score (1-5) 1= Very poor 4=Good 5= Very Good 2= Poor 3= Acceptable Record date when 50% of plants in a plot reach the flowering stage. Flowering date - Estimation Flowering date - Estimation Heading time. Hd Heading time Heading time Record the date when 50% of plants show panicle emerged from boot. Heading date - Estimation Heading date - Estimation Sowing time. Sowing time Sowing time Sow Sowing date - Measurement Sowing date - Measurement Record the date of sowing. Variety farmer preference Farmer choice of the variety. Variety farmer preference FP Variety farmer preference - Estimation Variety farmer preference - Estimation The farmer observes the different plots and assigns a preference score using a scale predefined. FP Score (1-3) FP Score (1-3) 1= Variety to reject 2= Need to Test Again 3= Very interesting Variety, Want to Test Grain desirability GD Grain desirability Grain desirability of the variety. Record desirable grain appearance, size (if it matters), presence and absence of mold and testa of the grain. Grain desirability - Estimation Grain desirability - Estimation GD Score (1-5) GD Score (1-5) 1 = Bad 4 = Good 5 = Very Good 2 = Some Problems 3 = Acceptable The weight of grain expressed fresh (field) basis that was harvested per unit area. GHvYld Grain yield at harvest Grain yield at harvest Grain yield at harvest - Measurement Record grain weight after harvest. Grain yield at harvest - Measurement Plant vigor Plant vigor Plant vigor PVIG PVig Adult plant vigor assessment. Plant vigor - Estimation Plant vigor - Estimation Comparative visual observation of the biomass of plants (length, width, number of leaves). Vigor Score (1-5) Vigor Score (1-5) 1= Very low vigor 4= Good vigor 5= Excellent vigor 2= Low Vigor 3= Acceptable vigor Stem internodes length The length of the internodes of the stem. InterNodLng Stem internodes length Use formula to compute stem internodes length. Stem internodes length - Computation Stem internodes length - Computation StmJW Weight of sorghum stem juice. Stem juice weight Stem juice weight Weight of the total amount of juice collected after pressing sorghum stems. Stem juice weight - Measurement Stem juice weight - Measurement Cytoplasmic male sterility An assessment of male sterility on the panicle. Cytoplasmic male sterility CMS Cytoplasm system Cytoplasmic male sterility - Estimation Field observation of panicles for the presence of infertility by observing the shape of the anthers. Cytoplasmic male sterility - Estimation CMS Score (1-3) CMS Score (1-3) 1= Milo 2= Texas 3= Maldandi Variety maturity appreciation MatApp Variety maturity appreciation Appreciation of maturity time of the variety by comparing to local check variety. Variety maturity appreciation - Estimation Comparing the flowering date of the test varieties against a local variety check by considering a 'normal season'. Variety maturity appreciation - Estimation MatApp Score (1-5) MatApp Score (1-5) 1= Very Early for the zone 4= Late for the Zone 5= Very Late for the Zone 2= Early for the zone 3= Good for the Zone Striga maximum vigor StrigaMaxVig Striga maximum vigor Assessment of the Striga mean vigor. Maximum Striga vigor - Estimation Rate the maximum vigor (biomass) of Striga plants in the plot. Maximum Striga vigor - Estimation Strigavigor Score (0-9) Strigavigor Score (0-9) 0= No Striga 9= Striga plants number is > 40, and number of branches per striga plant is >10 3= Striga plants number is between 6-20, and number of branches per striga plant is ? 1 4= Striga plants number is between 21-30, and number of branches per striga plant is ? 5 1= Striga plants number ? 5, and no branches 2= Striga plants number is between 6-20, and no branches 7= Striga plants number is between 31-40, and number of branches per striga plant is > 10 8= Striga plants number is > 40, and number of branches per striga plant is ? 10 5= Striga plants number is between 21-30, and number of branches per striga plant is > 5 6= Striga plants number is between 31-40, and number of branches per striga plant is ? 10 Striga mean vigor StrigaMeanVig Assessment of the Striga maximum vigor. Striga mean vigor Rate the mean vigor (biomass) of Striga plants in the plot. Mean Striga vigor - Estimation Mean Striga vigor - Estimation Midge incidence Midge incidence as grain abortion on the panicles. MidgeInc Midge incidence Grain incidence Midge incidence - Estimation Midge incidence - Estimation Observe and record incidence/damage caused by midges. MidgeInc Score (1-5) MidgeInc Score (1-5) 1= No damaged Panicle 4= 26-40% of grains on the panicles damaged 5= More 40% of grains on the panicles damaged 2= 1-10% of grains on the panicles damaged 3= 11-25% of grains on the panicles damaged Number of empty or missing panicles, mainly due biotic or abiotic stresses, as heat, frost, bird or midge damage. Empty panicle number Empty panicle number EPcleNo Visually asset losses of grain in harvested panicles, damage usually caused by birds, insects, midges, breakages, etc. Empty panicle number - Counting Empty panicle number - Counting panicle/plot panicle/plot Number of harvested hills Number of harvested hills NHH Number of harvested hills in the plot. Harvested Hills - Counting Harvested Hills - Counting Count the number of planting holes harvested effectively. hill hill Panicle harvested number Panicle harvested number Number of effectively harvested panicles. PcleHNo Panicle harvested number - Counting Panicle harvested number - Counting Count the number of panicles in the plot actually harvested. Panicle off type number Panicle off-type number. Off type number Panicle off type number PcleOTNo Panicle off type number - Counting Count the number of off-types panicles. Panicle off type number - Counting Number of seedling hills Number of hills with plants at seedling stage. Number of seedling hills NSH Number of Hills at Seedling - Counting Number of Hills at Seedling - Counting Count the number of planting holes with plants 5-10 days after emergence. Seedling number Seedling number Seedling number after thinning. SdlgNo Seedling number - Counting Seedling number - Counting Count the total number of plants in the plot after thinning. plant/plot plant/plot Panicle selected number Number of selected panicles selected in breeding nursery. Panicle selected number NSPcle Panicle selected number - Counting Panicle selected number - Counting Count selected panicles per progeny. panicle panicle StrigaNo Striga plant number Striga plant number Striga plant number. Striga plant Number - Counting Count Striga plant number in the plot or area, usually performed at maturity of sorghum or on regular intervals during the vegetative stages of sorghum. Striga plant Number - Counting Panicle desirability PcleDsirblty Panicle desirability Desirability of the panicle shape. Panicle desirability - Estimation Observe shape, density and grain amount per panicle before harvest or on harvested panicles and record desirability. Panicle desirability - Estimation PcleDsirblty Score (1-5) PcleDsirblty Score (1-5) 1= Bad 4= Good 5= Very Good 2= Some problems 3= Acceptable Panicle density PcleDen Panicle density Panicle density. Observe panicle length, distance between branches and the number of spikelets with grain and record panicle density. Panicle density - Estimation Panicle density - Estimation PcleDen Score (1-5) PcleDen Score (1-5) 1= Very loose panicle 4= Dense panicle 5= Very dense panicle 2= Loose panicle 3= Intermediate panicle SdlgVig Seedling vigor Seedling vigor Seedling vigor assessment. Comparative visual observation of plant biomass (length, width, number of leaves) 15 days after sowing. Seedling vigor - Estimation Seedling vigor - Estimation StrigaInc Striga incidence Striga incidence on Sorghum plants. Striga incidence Striga Incidence - Estimation Observe and record striga incidence on sorghum plants. Striga Incidence - Estimation StrigaInc Score (1-5) StrigaInc Score (1-5) 1= No damaged plants 4= 26-40% damaged plants 5= More than 40% of plants damaged 2= 1-10% damaged plants 3= 11-25% damaged plants Stem juice sugar content StmJSC Stem juice sugar content Sugar content in sorghum stem juice. Using refractometer (or hydrometer) to determine the Brix. Stem juice sugar content Brix method - Measurement Stem juice sugar content Brix method - Measurement % % Grain yield GYld Grain yield The amount (weight) of grain that was harvested per unit area. Estimate the yield of the variety, after the harvest of panicles spread on the ground, usually scored by the farmer. Grain yield score - Estimation Grain yield score - Estimation General Score (1-5) General Score (1-5) 1 = Very low 4 = Good 5= Very good 2 = Low 3= Acceptable StmJQ Stem juice volume Juice volume extracted from stem. Stem juice volume Juice quantity Stem juice volume - Measurement Stem juice volume - Measurement Measuring the volume of juice collected after pressing sorghum stem. ml ml Color of endosperm. EndoCol Endosperm color Endosperm color In a sample, cut grains lengthwise and observe the color of the endosperm. Endosperm color - Estimation Endosperm color - Estimation EndoCol Score (1-2) EndoCol Score (1-2) 2= Yellow 1= White Visual observation of grain color. Grain color - Estimation Grain color - Estimation GCol Score (1-6) GCol Score (1-6) 1= White 4= Brown 5= Buff 2= Yellow 3= Red 6= Other Grain decortication yield Proportion of remaining grain after decortication. Grain decortication yield GDecYld Grain decortication yield - Computation Calculate the ratio of the weight of a sample of grain after decortication using a Tangential Abrasive Dehulling Device (TADD) to the weight of the sample of grain before decortication. Grain decortication yield - Computation Plant anthocyanin presence Plant anthocyanin presence Antho Presence of anthocyanin in the plant. Plant anthocyanin presence - Estimation Plant anthocyanin presence - Estimation Visual observation of plants for presence of anthocyanin. Antho Score (0-2) Antho Score (0-2) 0= Tan 1= Mixed 2= Anthocyanin Sooty stripe disease presence SootStr Sooty stripe disease presence Sooty Stripe (Ramulispora sorghi) disease symptoms presence/absence. Sooty stripe disease presence - Estimation Observe and record the presence/absence of sooty stripe disease symptoms. Sooty stripe disease presence - Estimation SootStr Score (0-1) SootStr Score (0-1) 1= Presence of disease symptoms 0= No symptoms Helminth Helmenthosoriose disease symptoms presence/absence. Helminthosporiose disease presence Helminthosporiose disease presence Observe and record the presence/absence of Helminthosporiose symptoms. Helminthosporiose disease presence - Estimation Helminthosporiose disease presence - Estimation Helminth Score (0-1) Helminth Score (0-1) 1= Presence of disease symptoms 0= No symptoms Grain density Grain density Density of the grain. Grain specific weight GDen Grain density - Measurement Measure the weight of a volume of grains. Grain density - Measurement kg/hl kg/hl GlmAwn Glume awnedness Presence of an awn on the glumes. Glume awnedness Glume awnedness - Estimation Observe presence of awn on glumes. Glume awnedness - Estimation GlmAwn Score (0-2) GlmAwn Score (0-2) 0= Not aristed 1= Mix of aristed and not aristed plants 2= Aristed Grain dry matter basis yield (kg/ha) - Computation Grain dry matter basis yield (kg/ha) - Computation Calculate using the formula. kg/ha kg/ha Stem biomass Yield at harvest (kg/ha) - Computation Stem biomass Yield at harvest (kg/ha) - Computation Calculate using the formula. Number of elongated internodes on the main stem. Stem elongated internodes number Stem elongated internodes number InterNodNo Stem elongated internodes number - Counting Stem elongated internodes number - Counting Count of the number of elongated internodes at maturity on the main stem. internode internode Variety photoperiod sensitivity coefficient Coefficient of sensitivity to photoperiod of the variety. Variety photoperiod sensitivity coefficient Kp Calculated from flowering data at two different sowing dates as: ([DFLF1]-[DFLF2])/([Sowing2]-[Sowing1]) where DFLF1= date of flag leaf appearance for sowing date 1, DFLF2= date of flag leaf appearance for sowing date 2 Photoperiod sensitivity coefficient - Computation Photoperiod sensitivity coefficient - Computation index index Green leaves number Green leaves number GLNo Number of green leaves. Green leaves number - Counting Count of number of green leaves. Green leaves number - Counting leaf/plant leaf/plant Grain amylose content GAmy Grain amylose content Amylose content of whole grain. Whole grain is ground and 10mg of flour is used for measurement by Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) of the enthalpy change of the formation of complexes between amylose and phospholipid observed during cooling. Grain amylose content by DSC - Measurement Grain amylose content by DSC - Measurement Grain lipid content GLip Grain lipid content Lipid content of the whole grain. Lipid content Soxhlet - Measurement Lipid content Soxhlet - Measurement Soxhlet ether extraction from 5 g of flour. Grain protein content Protein content of whole grain. GProt Grain protein content Protein content Kjeldahl - Measurement Protein content Kjeldahl - Measurement Mineralization of 1g of flour and titration of nitration content. To color TÃ´ color Color of TO porridge prepared from the sorghum grain. To color ToCol TO color - Estimation TO color - Estimation Visual assessment of color of a TO sample prepared from sorghum flour after decortication. ToCol Score (1-5) ToCol Score (1-5) 1= Very good color 4= Bad color 5= Very bad color 2= Good color 3= Acceptable color To consistency Consistency of TO porridge prepared from the sorghum grain. To consistency ToCons TÃ´ consistency TO consistency - Estimation Manual assessment of consistency on a TO sample prepared from sorghum flour after decortication. TO consistency - Estimation ToCons Score (1-5) ToCons Score (1-5) 1= Very thick 4= Sticky 5= Very sticky 2= Thick 3= Soft Proportion of vitreous endosperm. EndoT Endosperm texture Endosperm texture Visual assessment of vitreous endosperm on a grain section. Endosperm texture - Estimation Endosperm texture - Estimation EndoT Score (1-5) EndoT Score (1-5) 1= 100% Vitreous 4= 25% Vitreous, 75% Floury 5= 100% Floury 2= 75% Vitreous, 25% Floury 3= 50% Vitreous, 50% Floury Roundness of the grain. Grain roundness Grain roundness GRnd Grain roundness - Measurement Grain roundness - Measurement Roundness of grain estimated by image analysis. Roundness of the grain is defined as the ratio of the Minor Axis length to Major Axis length deduced from an ellipse fitted to the shape of the grain. Number Number PerThk Pericarp thickness Pericarp thickness Thickness of sorghum grain pericarp Pericarp thickness - Estimation Pericarp thickness - Estimation The thickness of pericarp is visually estimated. PerThk Score (0-2) PerThk Score (0-2) 0= Thick pericarp 1= Thin pericarp 2= Mix Panicle dry matter basis yield PcleDMYld The panicle yield expressed as a quantity of dry matter harvested per unit area. Panicle dry matter basis yield Calculate using the formula. Panicle dry matter basis yield (kg/ha) - Computation Panicle dry matter basis yield (kg/ha) - Computation Peduncle length Peduncle length PedLng Length of the peduncle to panicle base. Measure length of the peduncle to the first primary branch of panicle. Peduncle length - Measurement Peduncle length - Measurement TTFL Flag leaf ligulation time or flag leaf emergence. Flag leaf ligulation time flag leaf emergence Flag leaf ligulation time Compute number of days required from sowing to ligulation of the flag leaf. Days to flag leaf ligulation - Computation Days to flag leaf ligulation - Computation day day GHrd Whole grain hardness. Grain hardness Grain hardness Twenty grams of grain is milled in a Falling Number KT 30 mill and sifted for 1 min through a 250-µm sieve using an air jet sifter (Alpine 200LS). PSI is determined as the proportion of milled grain passing through the sieve. Grain hardness PSI - Measurement Grain hardness PSI - Measurement Flag leaf ligulation - date estimation Flag leaf ligulation - date estimation Record date when 50% of the plants in a plot reached fag leaf ligulation stage. LodgInc Plant lodging incidence Plant lodging incidence. Plant lodging incidence Plant lodging incidence - Estimation Visual assessment of lodging incidence. Plant lodging incidence - Estimation LodgInc Score (1-5) LodgInc Score (1-5) 1= No lodging 4= High lodging 5= Full lodging 2= Low lodging 3= Medium lodging Glume opening GlmOp Glume opening Glumes opening. Visual assessment of glumes opening. Glume opening - Estimation Glume opening - Estimation GlmOp Score (0-2) GlmOp Score (0-2) 0= closed 1= mix 2= open Grain rotation GRotation Grain rotation. Grain rotation Grain rotation - Estimation Visual assessment of grain rotation. Grain rotation - Estimation GRotation Score (0-2) GRotation Score (0-2) 0= no rotation 1= mix 2= rotation Grain shape in dorsal view. GShpDors Grain shape in dorsal view Grain shape in dorsal view Visual assessment of grain shape. Grain shape in dorsal view - Estimation Grain shape in dorsal view - Estimation GShpDors Score (1-3) GShpDors Score (1-3) 1= narrow elliptic 2= elliptic 3= circular GlmAd Glume adhesion Glumes adhesion. Glume adhesion Assessment of glumes adhesion. Glume adhesion - Estimation Glume adhesion - Estimation GlmAd Score (1-5) GlmAd Score (1-5) 1= A lot of adherent glumes 4= NA 5= No adherent glumes 2= NA 3= Some adherent glumes Coleoptile color The color of the coleoptile. Coleoptile color ColeopCol Observe coleoptile color. Coleoptile color - Estimation Coleoptile color - Estimation ColeopCol Score (1-2) ColeopCol Score (1-2) 2= red 1= green Flag leaf weight - Estimation Flag leaf weight - Estimation Measure flag leaves weight. Rest of leaves weight - Computation Rest of leaves weight - Computation Calculate by subtracting flag leaves weight from total leaves weight. Leaf biomass dry matter basis yield (g/plot) - Computation Leaf biomass dry matter basis yield (g/plot) - Computation Calculate using the formula. Calculate using the formula. Grain number - Computation Grain number - Computation grain/m2 grain/m2 Panicle harvest index - Computation Panicle harvest index - Computation Calculate using the formula. Harvest the panicles in the plot and count the number of panicles harvested. Panicle number - Counting Panicle number - Counting Panicles weight without grain - Measurement Panicles weight without grain - Measurement Record the weight of panicle without grain. Nitrogen digestibility NIRS - Measurement Value derived from the analysis of stover using Near Infrared Reflectance Spectrophotometry (NIRS). Nitrogen digestibility NIRS - Measurement Grain Harvest index - Computation Grain Harvest index - Computation Compute proportion of harvested grain weight over whole above ground biomass weight. Whole above ground biomass dry matter basis yield (g/plot) - Computation Whole above ground biomass dry matter basis yield (g/plot) - Computation Calculate using the formula. Stem biomass Yield at harvest - Measurement Stem biomass Yield at harvest - Measurement Record stem biomass weight. Determination of Sodium content by using nitric acid digestion method (AAS & ICP-OES). Stem Sodium content - Measurement Stem Sodium content - Measurement Determination of Potassium content by using nitric acid digestion method (AAS & ICP-OES). Stem Potassium content - Measurement Stem Potassium content - Measurement Days to flowering - Computation Compute number of days required from sowing to flowering. Days to flowering - Computation Leaf to stem weight ratio - Computation Leaf to stem weight ratio - Computation Compute leaf to stem weight ratio. Organic matter digestibility NIRS - Measurement Organic matter digestibility NIRS - Measurement Value derived from chemical analysis of dried and ground stover, using Near Infrared Reflectance Spectrophotometry (NIRS). Compute number of days required from sowing (or emergence) to harvest. Days to harvest - Computation Days to harvest - Computation Standard method for metabolised energy. Stover metabolised energy - Measurement Stover metabolised energy - Measurement MJ/kg MJ/kg Stem nodal tiller number - Counting Counting of stem nodal tiller number. Stem nodal tiller number - Counting Counting of plant basal tiller number. Plant basal tiller number - Counting Plant basal tiller number - Counting Panicle width - Measurement Measure the width of the panicle at the widest position. Panicle width - Measurement Grain subcoat presence - Estimation Grain subcoat presence - Estimation Observe presence or absence of subcoat in cut grains. Absent-Present Score (0-1) Absent-Present Score (0-1) 1= present 0= absent GCol Score (1-9) GCol Score (1-9) 1= white 4= yellow 5= red 2= chalky white 3= pearly white 8= cream 9= light red 6= light brown 7= dark brown Grain size - Estimation Grain size - Estimation Visual observation for grain boldness. GSz Score (1-5) GSz Score (1-5) 1= very bold 4= medium to very small 5= very small 2= very bold to medium 3= medium Grain lustre - Estimation Visual observation for seed lustrousness. Grain lustre - Estimation Panicle exertion - Measurement Panicle exertion - Measurement Measure length of the peduncle emerged from flag leaf sheath to base of the panicle. Panicle compactness and shape - Estimation Observe the overall shape of the panicle and its compactness based on florets density. Panicle compactness and shape - Estimation PcleCpt Score (1-13) PcleCpt Score (1-13) 1= Very lax panicle (typicalof wild sorghums) 11= Half broom corn 12 =Broom corn 10= Compact oval 13= Other 4=Loose erect primary branches 5= Loose drooping primary branches 2=Very loose erect primary branches 3= Very loose drooping primary branches 8=Semi-compact elliptic 9= Compact elliptic 6=Semi-loose erect primary branches 7= Semi-loose drooping primary branches Leaf color - Estimation Leaf color - Estimation Observe leaf color. LfCol Score (1-2) LfCol Score (1-2) 2= dark green 1= light green Observe leaf vein color. Leaf vein color - Estimation Leaf vein color - Estimation LfVCol Score (1-2) LfVCol Score (1-2) 2= white 1= green Leaf midrib color - Estimation Leaf midrib color - Estimation Observe leaf midrib color. LfMRCol Score (1-5) LfMRCol Score (1-5) 1= white 4= brown 5= purple 2= dull green 3= yellow Calculate downy mildew incidence on plants. Sorghum downy mildew incidence - Computation Sorghum downy mildew incidence - Computation Rust incidence - Computation Calculate rust incidence on plants. Rust incidence - Computation Observe and record damage caused by insects. Insect damage - Estimation Insect damage - Estimation InsDmg Score (1-9) InsDmg Score (1-9) 1= <10% damage 4= 31 - 40% damage 5= 41 - 50% damage 2= 11 - 20% damage 3= 21 - 30% damage 8= 75 - 90% damage 9= > 90% damage 6= 51 - 60% damage 7= 61 - 75% damage Sorghum shoot fly incidence - Computation Sorghum shoot fly incidence - Computation Calculate incidence of shoot fly on plants. Calculate incidence of stem borer on plants. Sorghum stem borer incidence - Computation Sorghum stem borer incidence - Computation GMoldInc Score (1-5) GMoldInc Score (1-5) 1= 0% of molded grains surface on panicle (Highly Resistant, HR) 4= 26-50% of molded grains surface on panicle (Sensitive, S) 5= > 50% of molded grains surface on panicle (Highly Sensitive, HS) 2= 1-10% of molded grains surface on panicle (Resistant, R) 3= 11- 25% of molded grains surface on panicle (Moderately Resistant, MR) FAnthrRes Score (1-5) FAnthrRes Score (1-5) 1= HR 4= S 5= HS 2= R 3= MR Grain amylose content by NIRS - Measurement A NIRS spectrum is acquired from a flour sample or a whole grain sample and the amylose content is predicted using an appropriate calibration based on the reference method. Grain amylose content by NIRS - Measurement Lipid content NIRS - Measurement A NIRS spectrum is acquired from a flour sample or a whole grain sample and the lipid content is predicted using an appropriate calibration based on the reference method. Lipid content NIRS - Measurement A NIRS spectrum is acquired from a flour sample or a whole grain sample and the protein content is predicted using an appropriate calibration based on the reference method. Protein content NIRS - Measurement Protein content NIRS - Measurement AgApp_E_1to5 AgApp_E_1to5 AGAPP_1_5 EPcleNo_Ct_pclePlot NEP_pcle EPcleNo_Ct_pclePlot Effective tiller number ETN Number of tillers bearing a panicle. Effective tiller number Count effective tiller number. Effective tiller number - Counting Effective tiller number - Counting tiller/plant tiller/plant ETNo_Ct_tllrplnt ETNo_Ct_tllrplnt ETN_tillers FP_E_1to3 FP_E_1to3 FP_1_3 GDMC Grain dry matter content Grain dry matter content. Grain dry matter content Grain dry matter content - Measurement Grain dry matter content - Measurement Measure or calculate dry matter content of a sample by calculating the ratio of the weight of the sample after complete desiccation to the initial weight of the sample. GDMC_M_pct GDMC_M_pct Grain dry matter basis yield (g/plot) - Computation Calculate using the formula. Grain dry matter basis yield (g/plot) - Computation GDMYld_C_gPlot GDMYld_C_gPlot GDMYld_C_kgha GDMYld_C_kgha Calculate using the formula. Grain yield at harvest (kg/ha) - Computation Grain yield at harvest (kg/ha) - Computation GHvYld_C_kgha GHvYld_C_kgha GHvYld_M_gPlot GHvYld_M_gPlot Grain moisture content. GMoi Grain moisture content Grain moisture content Calculate using the formula. Grain moisture content - Computation Grain moisture content - Computation GMoi_C_pct GMoi_C_pct Measure humidity content of a sample using humidity sensor. Grain moisture content - Measurement Grain moisture content - Measurement GMoi_M_pct GMoi_M_pct GNo_C_grnm2 GRNO_grn_m2 GNo_C_grnm2 NBGPAN_grn_pcle GNoPcle_C_grnpcle GNoPcle_C_grnpcle Grain standardized yield Grain standardized yield GStdYld The weight of grain adjusted to a standard moisture content (14%) that was harvested per unit area. Calculate using the formula. Grain standardized yield (kg/ha) - Computation Grain standardized yield (kg/ha) - Computation GStdYld_C_kgha GStdYld_C_kgha Calculate using the formula. Grain standardized yield (kg/plot) - Computation Grain standardized yield (kg/plot) - Computation kg/plot kg/plot GStdYld_C_kgplot GStdYld_C_kgplot W1000G_g GW_1000grnM_g GW_1000grnM_g Count and weigh 100 grains. Hundred Grain Weight - Measurement Hundred Grain Weight - Measurement W100G_g GW_100grnM_g GW_100grnM_g GWPcle_C_gpcle GWPcle_C_gpcle GWPP_g GYld_E_1to5 GYld_E_1to5 YLDSCORE_1_5 HI_C_pct HI_C_pct HI_pct LfDMC Leaf biomass dry matter content Leaf biomass dry matter content Leaf biomass dry matter content. Leaf biomass dry matter content - Measurement Leaf biomass dry matter content - Measurement Measure or calculate dry matter content of a sample by calculating the ratio of the weight of the sample after complete desiccation to the initial weight of the sample. LfDMC_M_pct LfDMC_M_pct LFWT_g LfDMYld_C_gPlot LfDMYld_C_gPlot Calculate using the formula. Leaf biomass dry matter basis yield (kg/ha) - Computation Leaf biomass dry matter basis yield (kg/ha) - Computation LfDMYld_C_kgha LfDMYld_C_kgha LfHvYld Leaf biomass yield at harvest The leaf biomass expressed fresh (field) basis that was harvested per unit area. Leaf biomass yield at harvest Leaf Biomass yield at harvest (kg/ha) - Computation Leaf Biomass yield at harvest (kg/ha) - Computation Calculate using the formula. LfHvYld_C_kgha LfHvYld_C_kgha Record Leaf Biomass weight after harvest. Leaf Biomass yield at harvest - Measurement Leaf Biomass yield at harvest - Measurement LfHvYld_M_gPlot LfHvYld_M_gPlot Leaf biomass moisture content Leaf biomass moisture content. Leaf biomass moisture content LfMoi Leaf Biomass moisture content - Computation Leaf Biomass moisture content - Computation Calculate using the formula. LfMoi_C_pct LfMoi_C_pct Measure humidity content of a sample using humidity sensor. Leaf Biomass moisture content - Measurement Leaf Biomass moisture content - Measurement LfMoi_M_pct LfMoi_M_pct LODG_1_5 LodgInc_E_1to5 LodgInc_E_1to5 MS_E_1to3 MS_E_1to3 MS_1_3 NHH_Ct_hill NHH_Ct_hill NHH_hills NSP_pcle NSelPcle_Ct_pcle NSelPcle_Ct_pcle NSH_plants NSH_Ct_hill NSH_Ct_hill PcleDMC Panicle dry matter content. Panicle dry matter content Panicle dry matter content Measure or calculate dry matter content of a sample by calculating the ratio of the weight of the sample after complete desiccation to the initial weight of the sample. Panicle dry matter content - Measurement Panicle dry matter content - Measurement PcleDMC_M_pct PcleDMC_M_pct Panicle dry matter basis yield (g/plot) - Computation Panicle dry matter basis yield (g/plot) - Computation Calculate using the formula. PcleDMYld_C_gPlot PcleDMYld_C_gPlot PcleDMYld_C_kgha PcleDMYld_C_kgha PcleHI_C_pct PHI_pct PcleHI_C_pct NHP_pcle PcleHvNo_Ct_pclePlot PcleHvNo_Ct_pclePlot Panicle Yield at harvest (kg/ha) - Computation Panicle Yield at harvest (kg/ha) - Computation Calculate using the formula. PcleHvYld_C_kgha PcleHvYld_C_kgha PcleHvYld_M_gPlot PcleHvYld_M_gPlot Panicle moisture content. PcleMoi Panicle moisture content Panicle moisture content Panicle moisture content - Computation Panicle moisture content - Computation Calculate using the formula. PcleMoi_C_pct PcleMoi_C_pct Measure humidity content of a sample using humidity sensor. Panicle moisture content - Measurement Panicle moisture content - Measurement PcleMoi_M_pct PcleMoi_M_pct NBPN_pcle PcleNo_Ct_pclePlot PcleNo_Ct_pclePlot PcleOTNo_Ct_pclePlot PcleOTNo_Ct_pclePlot NOTP_pcle PcleThrs_E_1to9 PcleThrs_E_1to9 PANTHRS_1_9 PWTMG_g PCleWWoG_M_gpcle PCleWWoG_M_gpcle Plant number per plot. Plant number PNo Plant number Plant number - Counting Count plants in an area or plot. Plant number - Counting PNo_Ct_plntPlot PNo_Ct_plntPlot PNP_plants PVig_E_1to5 PVig_E_1to5 GV_1_5 NSPLT_plants SdlgNo_Ct_plntPlot SdlgNo_Ct_plntPlot SdlgVig_E_1to5 SdlgVig_E_1to5 SVIG_1_5 Stem biomass dry matter content. Stem biomass dry matter content StmDMC Stem biomass dry matter content Stem biomass dry matter content - Measurement Measure or calculate dry matter content of a sample by calculating the ratio of the weight of the sample after complete desiccation to the initial weight of the sample. Stem biomass dry matter content - Measurement StmDMC_M_pct StmDMC_M_pct Stem Biomass dry matter basis yield Stem Biomass dry matter basis yield StmDMYld The stem biomass yield expressed as a quantity of dry matter harvested per unit area. Stem biomass dry matter basis yield (g/plot) - Computation Stem biomass dry matter basis yield (g/plot) - Computation Calculate using the formula. StmDMYld_C_gPlot StmDMYld_C_gPlot Calculate using the formula. Stem biomass dry matter basis yield (kg/ha) - Computation Stem biomass dry matter basis yield (kg/ha) - Computation StmDMYld_C_kgha StmDMYld_C_kgha StmHvYld_C_kgha SYLD_kg_ha StmHvYld_C_kgha StmHvYld_M_gPlot StmHvYld_M_gPlot Stem biomass moisture. Stem biomass moisture content Stem biomass moisture content StmMoi Stem Biomass moisture content - Computation Calculate using the formula. Stem Biomass moisture content - Computation StmMoi_C_pct StmMoi_C_pct Stem Biomass moisture content - Measurement Measure humidity content of a sample using humidity sensor. Stem Biomass moisture content - Measurement StmMoi_M_pct StmMoi_M_pct Stover biomass dry matter content. StoDMC Stover biomass dry matter content Stover biomass dry matter content Stover biomass dry matter content - Measurement Stover biomass dry matter content - Measurement Measure or calculate dry matter content of a sample by calculating the ratio of the weight of the sample after complete desiccation to the initial weight of the sample. StoDMC_M_pct StoDMC_M_pct StoDMYld_C_gPlot StoDMYld_C_gPlot Stover biomass dry matter basis yield (kg/ha) - Computation Calculate using the formula. Stover biomass dry matter basis yield (kg/ha) - Computation StoDMYld_C_kgha StoDMYld_C_kgha Stover biomass yield at harvest StoHvYld The stover biomass expressed fresh (field) basis that was harvested per unit area. Stover biomass yield at harvest Calculate using the formula. Stover biomass yield at harvest (kg/ha) - Computation Stover biomass yield at harvest (kg/ha) - Computation StoHvYld_C_kgha StoHvYld_C_kgha Record Stover Biomass weight after harvest. Stover biomass yield at harvest - Measurement Stover biomass yield at harvest - Measurement StoHvYld_M_gPlot StoHvYld_M_gPlot Stover biomass moisture content StoMoi Stover biomass moisture content. Stover biomass moisture content Stover Biomass moisture content - Computation Stover Biomass moisture content - Computation Calculate using the formula. StoMoi_C_pct StoMoi_C_pct Measure humidity content of a sample using humidity sensor. Stover Biomass moisture content - Measurement Stover Biomass moisture content - Measurement StoMoi_M_pct StoMoi_M_pct Vegetative growth rate. Plant vegetative growth rate Plant vegetative growth rate VGR Calculate vegetative growth rate. Plant vegetative growth rate - Computation Plant vegetative growth rate - Computation g/m2 /day g/m2 /day VGR_C_gm2day VGR_g_m2_day VGR_C_gm2day Whole above ground biomass dry matter content. Whole above ground biomass dry matter content WAGBDMC Whole above ground biomass dry matter content Measure or calculate dry matter content of a sample by calculating the ratio of the weight of the sample after complete desiccation to the initial weight of the sample. Whole above ground biomass dry matter content - Measurement Whole above ground biomass dry matter content - Measurement WAGBDMC_M_pct WAGBDMC_M_pct WAGBDMYld_C_gPlot WAGBDMYld_C_gPlot Calculate using the formula. Whole above ground biomass dry matter basis yield (kg/ha) - Computation Whole above ground biomass dry matter basis yield (kg/ha) - Computation WAGBDMYld_C_kgha WAGBDMYld_C_kgha Calculate using the formula. Whole above ground dry matter biomass yield (t/ha) - Computation Whole above ground dry matter biomass yield (t/ha) - Computation t/ha t/ha BM_t_ha WAGBDMYld_C_tha WAGBDMYld_C_tha The whole above ground biomass expressed fresh (field) basis that was harvested per unit area. Whole above ground biomass yield at harvest Whole above ground biomass yield at harvest WAGBHvYld Calculate using the formula. Whole above ground biomass yield at harvest (kg/ha) - Computation Whole above ground biomass yield at harvest (kg/ha) - Computation WAGBHvYld_C_kgha WAGBHvYld_C_kgha Record Whole Above Ground Biomass weight after harvest. Whole above ground biomass yield at harvest - Measurement Whole above ground biomass yield at harvest - Measurement WAGBHvYld_M_gPlot WAGBHvYld_M_gPlot Whole above ground biomass moisture content WAGBMoi Whole above ground biomass moisture content. Whole above ground biomass moisture content Calculate using the formula. Whole above ground biomass moisture content - Computation Whole above ground biomass moisture content - Computation WAGBMoi_C_pct WAGBMoi_C_pct Measure humidity content of a sample using humidity sensor. Whole above ground biomass moisture content - Measurement Whole above ground biomass moisture content - Measurement WAGBMoi_M_pct WAGBMoi_M_pct FAnthrRes Foliar anthracnose response on Sorghum, disease caused by Colletotrichum graminicola. Foliar anthracnose response Foliar anthracnose response FAnthrRes_E_1to5 FAnthrRes_E_1to5 FANTH_1_5 FANTH_1_9 FAnthrSev_E_1to9 FAnthrSev_E_1to9 GANTH_1_5 GAnthrSev_E_1to5 GAnthrSev_E_1to5 PGMR_1_5 GMoldSev_E_1to5 GMoldSev_E_1to5 GMoldSev_E_1to9 GMoldSev_E_1to9 PGMR_1_9 Helminth_E_0to1 HELMINTH_0_1 Helminth_E_0to1 InsDmg_E_1to9 InsDmg_E_1to9 INSD_1_9 MidgeInc_E_1to5 MSCORE_1_5 MidgeInc_E_1to5 RUST_pct RustInc_C_pct RustInc_C_pct SBorerInc_C_pct SBorerInc_C_pct SB_pct SDMInc_C_pct SDMInc_C_pct SDMF_pct SootStr_E_0to1 SOOTSTR_0_1 SootStr_E_0to1 SSFlyInc_C_pct SSFlyInc_C_pct SSFLY_pct StrigaNo_Ct_plntPlot NSTRIGA_plants StrigaNo_Ct_plntPlot STRSE_1_5 StrigaInc_E_1to5 StrigaInc_E_1to5 StrigaMaxVig_E_0to9 MAXVSP_0_9 StrigaMaxVig_E_0to9 MVSP_0_9 StrigaMeanVig_E_0to9 StrigaMeanVig_E_0to9 Antho_E_0to2 Antho_E_0to2 ANTHO_0_2 Colcol_1_2 Coleopcol_E_1to2 Coleopcol_E_1to2 FLGWT_g FlgLfW_DW_gPlot FlgLfW_DW_gPlot GCov Score (0-5) GCov Score (0-5) 0= grain uncovered 3= 0.75 grain covered 4= grain fully covered 1= 0.25 grain covered 2= 0.50 grain covered 5= glumes longer than grain GCov_E_0to9 GCov_E_0to9 GCov_E_1to5 GCov_E_1to5 GRNCOV_1_5 GLUMAD_score GlmAd_E_1to5 GlmAd_E_1to5 GlmAwn_E_0to2 GLUAWN_0_2 GlmAwn_E_0to2 GLUMCOL_1_4 GlmCol_E_1to4 GlmCol_E_1to4 GlmOp_E_0to2 GLUMOP_0_2 GlmOp_E_0to2 GLNo_Ct_lfplnt GLNo_Ct_lfplnt NBGRLV_leaves GRotation_E_0to2 GRROT_0_2 GRotation_E_0to2 GShpDors_E_1to3 GRSHP_score GShpDors_E_1to3 GShpProf Grain shape in profile view. Grain shape in profile view Grain shape in profile view Grain shape in profile view - Estimation Grain shape in profile view - Estimation Visual assessment of grain shape. GShpProf Score (1-3) GShpProf Score (1-3) 2= elliptic 3= circular 1= narrow elliptic GShpProf_E_1to3 GRSHPPROF_1_3 GShpProf_E_1to3 SIL_cm InterNodLng_M_cm InterNodLng_M_cm INTNN_internodes InterNodNo_Ct_internod InterNodNo_Ct_internod LfCol_E_1to2 LfCol_E_1to2 LCLR_1_2 LfMRCol_E_1to5 LfMRCol_E_1to5 LMC_1_5 LfStmWRatio_C_pct LfStmWRatio_C_pct LOST_pct LVC_1_2 LfVCol_E_1to2 LfVCol_E_1to2 tiller tiller NdlTNo_E_tllr NDLT_1_5 NdlTNo_E_tllr PBTNo_Ct_tllr PBTNo_Ct_tllr PCPT_1_9 PcleCptSh_E_1to9 PcleCptSh_E_1to9 PcleDen_E_1to5 PDEN_1_5 PcleDen_E_1to5 PcleDsirblty_E_1to5 PcleDsirblty_E_1to5 PD_1_5 PcleEx Score (1-4) PcleEx Score (1-4) 1=Slightly exserted (<2 cm but ligule of flag leaf definitively below inflorescence base) 4= Peduncle recurved (inflorescence below ligule and clearly exposed splitting the 2= Exserted (2-10 cm between ligule and inflorescence base) 3 = Well-exserted (>10 cm between ligule and inflorescence base) PcleEx_E_1to4 PcleEx_E_1to4 PcleEx_M_cm PcleEx_M_cm PEXC_cm PANL_cm PcleLng_M_cm PcleLng_M_cm PWDTH_cm PcleWid_M_cm PcleWid_M_cm PEDL_cm PedLng_M_cm PedLng_M_cm PH_M_cm PH_M_cm PH_cm LFWT1_g RestLfW_C_g RestLfW_C_g Stem length StmLng Stem length Length of the main stem. Measure length of the stem from the base of the first elongated internode to the base of the peduncle Stem length - Measurement Stem length - Measurement StmLng_M_cm StmLng_M_cm Hvst_dto_day Hvst_dto_day DTHV_day yyymmdd yyymmdd Sow_date_ymd Sow_date_ymd DS_date_ymd FLfL_C_day FLfL_C_day FLT_dto_day FLfL_date_jd FLT_date_jd FLfL_date_jd FLT_date_ymd FLfL_date_ymd FLfL_date_ymd Flo_C_day FLW_dto_day Flo_C_day Flo_date_jd Flo_date_jd FLW_date_jd Flo_date_ymd Flo_date_ymd FLW_date_ymd Compute number of days required from sowing to heading Days to Heading - Computation Days to Heading - Computation Hd_C_day Hd_C_day HD_jd Hd_date_jd Hd_date_jd Hd_date_ymd HD_date_ymd Hd_date_ymd Record the date of harvest Harvest date - Measurement Harvest date - Measurement Hvst_date_jd Hvst_date_jd Record the date of harvest Harvest date - Measurement Harvest date - Measurement Hvst_date_ymd Hvst_date_ymd Kp_C_index Kp_index Kp_C_index Compute number of days required from sowing (or emergence) to maturity. Days to maturity - Computation Days to maturity - Computation DTMAT_day Mat_C_day Mat_C_day Mat_date_jd Mat_date_jd DMAT_jd Mat_date_ymd DMAT_date_ymd Mat_date_ymd MatApp_E_1to5 MatApp_E_1to5 MA_1_5 Decorticated grain weight Grain weight after decortication. Decorticated grain weight DecGW Record the decorticated grain weight of a sample after dehulling. Decorticated grain weight - Measurement Decorticated grain weight - Measurement GDWT_g DecGW_M_g DecGW_M_g EndoCol_E_1to2 EndoCol_E_1to2 ENDCOL_1_2 EndoT_E_1to5 EndoT_E_1to5 ET_1_5 GAmy_DSC_pct AMY_pct__DSC GAmy_DSC_pct AMY_pct__NIRS GAmy_NIRS_pct GAmy_NIRS_pct GCol_E_1to6 GCol_E_1to6 GRNCOL_1_6 SDCLR_1_9 GCol_E_1to9 GCol_E_1to9 GD_E_1to5 GD_E_1to5 GD_1_5 GDecYld_C_pct GDecYld_C_pct GDYD_pct GDENS_g GDen_M_kghl GDen_M_kghl GHD_pct GHrd_M_pct GHrd_M_pct LIP_pct__NIRS GLip_NIRS_pct GLip_NIRS_pct GLip_Sox_pct GLip_Sox_pct LIP_pct__SOX GLstr_E_0to1 GLstr_E_0to1 PROT_pct__KJE GProt_Kjdl_pct GProt_Kjdl_pct GProt_NIRS_pct GProt_NIRS_pct PROT_pct__NIRS GRnd_M_num GRnd_M_num GRNRD_num SSCT_0_1 GSCoat_E_0to1 GSCoat_E_0to1 GSz_E_1to5 SSZE_1_5 GSz_E_1to5 PerThk_E_0to2 PerThk_E_0to2 PERTH_0_2 StmJQ_M_ml StmJQ_M_ml JQ_ml StmJSC_pct SC_pct StmJSC_pct JW_g StmJW_M_g StmJW_M_g StmK_M_pct StmK_M_pct STK_pct StmNa_M_pct StmNa_M_pct SOD_pct ENG_MJ_kg StoEng_M_MJkg StoEng_M_MJkg NDG_pct StoND_NIRS_pct StoND_NIRS_pct StoOMD_NIRS_pct ODG_pct StoOMD_NIRS_pct TOCOL_1_5 ToCol_E_1to5 ToCol_E_1to5 ToCons_E_1to5 ToCons_E_1to5 TOCONS_1_5 degree celsius days degree celsius days BVP Basic Vegetative Phase Basic Vegetative Phase Basic vegetative phase basic vegetative phase - Measurement Basic vegetative phase is calculated from the minimal duration of the vegetative phase. It is estimated in environment where the photoperiod is lower than the critical photoperiod (in the case of short days plant like sorghum) basic vegetative phase - Measurement BVP_M_dcd PAN-basic-vegetative-phase_PAN28_dd BVP_M_dcd P2O Critical photoperiod Critical photoperiod Critical photoperiod : In short day plants, flowering occurs when day length becomes shorter than a critical photoperiod. The critical photoperiod corresponds to the day length at the intersection of the slope corresponding to the Photoperiod sensitivity coefficient (i.e. line between the thermal times to panicle emergence (in °days) observed for different photoperiod durations (in hours)) and the basic vegetative phase photoperiod (in hours) Critical photoperiod - computation Critical photoperiod - computation hours hours P2O_C_hours PAN_critical-photoperiod_PAN27_h P2O_C_hours Thermal Time from emergence to flag leaf ligulation - computation Thermal Time from emergence to flag leaf ligulation - computation Compute the number of degree days (Thermal time) from emergence to ligulation of the flag leaf. Thermal time from emergence to the ligulation of the flag leaf was computed using an algorithm developed by Jones and Kiniry (1986), considering that growth speed increases as a linear function of temperature between a base and an optimal temperature, and then decreases linearly between optimal and maximal temperature. Cardinal temperatures were 11°C for base temperature (Tb) (Lafarge and Hammer, 2002), 34°C for optimum temperature (Topt) and 44°C for maximum temperature (Tmax) (Abdulai et al., 2012). FLAG-appearance_FLA5_dd TTFL_C_dcd TTFL_C_dcd TTPI Thermal time to panicle inititation Thermal time to panicle inititation Thermal time to panicle inititation derived from the Thermal Time from emergence to flag leaf ligulation (TTFL) using the linear formula proposed by Folliard et al. (2004) Thermal time to panicle inititation - Computation Calculate Thermal time to panicle inititation according to the Thermal Time from emergence to flag leaf ligulation (TTFL) using the linear formula proposed by Folliard et al. (2004) Thermal time to panicle inititation - Computation TTPI_C_dc TTPI_C_dc PAN_inititation-thermal-time_PAN26_dd Photoperiod sensitivity coefficient of the variety based on CERES model Photoperiod sensitivity coefficient of the variety based on CERES model CERES model considers that, above criticial photoperiod (P2O), a linear growth of the duration of the vegetative phase (in degree days) as a function of photoperiod. The slope of this line (P2R) defines photoperiod-sensitivity. P2R Photoperiod sensitivity coefficient P2R - Computation Photoperiod sensitivity coefficient P2R - Computation The P2R respresents the photoperiod sensitivity computed according to the CERES model. CERES model considers that, above criticial photoperiod (P2O), a linear growth of the duration of the vegetative phase (in degree days) as a function of photoperiod. The slope of this line (P2R) defines photoperiod-sensitivity. degree days per hour of photoperiod degree days per hour of photoperiod PAN_PPS-CERES P2R_C_ddhp P2R_C_ddhp Agronomical traits Agronomical traits Biotic stress traits Biotic stress traits Morphological traits Morphological traits Phenological traits Phenological traits Quality traits Quality traits