Maize
Maize
ASI
Anthesis silking interval
Anthesis silking interval
Anthesis silking interval.
Chlorophyll content
Chlorophyll content
Leaf chlorophyll content.
Chl
Grain yield
Grain yield
GY
Grain yield per unit area, either field weight basis, dry weight basis or adjusted to 12.5% grain moisture.
Plant height to insertion of first tassel branch
Plant height to insertion of first tassel branch
PHTslB
Plant height from the base to the insertion of the first tassel branch.
Number of plants per unit area.
PStand
Plant stand
Plant stand
Kernel number
GN
Grain number
Grain number
Grain number.
Qualitative observation of plant ideotype. In another word, it rates characteristics such as plant and ear height, uniformity of plants, disease and insect damage, and lodging.
PAsp
Plant aspect
Plant aspect
Leaf senescence.
Sen
Senescence
Senescence
Silk length
SilkLng
Silk length.
Silk length
Silk growth rate
Silk growth rate
SilkGrwR
Growth rate of silk.
Ear length
ELng
Ear length.
Ear length
Growth rate of the ear(s) on a plant. It may include the sum of the apical and sub-apical ear growth from prolific plants.
Ear growth rate
Ear growth rate
EGrwR
Ear height
Ear height
Plant height from base to the insertion of the top (uppermost) ear.
EH
EAsp
Ear aspect
Ear aspect
Observation of harvested ears based on some morphological and agronomical characters such as ear size, total numbers of ear harvested per plot, ear damaged caused by insects or/and diseases.
Ear leaf length
ELLng
Ear leaf (blade) length.
Ear leaf length
Ear position
EPo
Ear position
Ear position as a ratio of ear height to plant height.
plant to ear height ratio
Ear number.
Ear number
Ear number
EN
Young leaf chlorophyll content
YLChl
Chlorophyll content in the young leaf.
Young leaf chlorophyll content
Leaf length.
Leaf length
LLng
Leaf length
LWid
Leaf width
Leaf width
Leaf width.
Tassel branch weight
TslBW
Weight of tassel branches.
Tassel branch weight
Tassel branch number
Number of branches on tassel.
Tassel branch number
TslBN
Anthesis time
Anthesis time
Anthesis time.
Ant
male flowering time
Silk
female flowering
Silking time.
Silking time
Silking time
Maturity time
Maturity time.
Mat
maturity
Maturity time
Grain moisture.
Grain moisture
Grain moisture
GMoi
Root lodging incidence. The plants that show root lodging, i.e. those stems that are inclining by more than 45��.
Root lodging incidence
Root lodging incidence
RLodgInc
Stem lodging incidence
Stem lodging incidence
SLodgInc
Stem lodging incidence. The plants that show stem lodging, i.e. those stems that are broken below the ear.
TslSiz
Tassel size.
Tassel size
Tassel size
Grain texture
Grain texture
Grain texture as a measure of the variation on the intensity of a surface, quantifying properties such as smoothness, coarseness and regularity of the grain.
GTex
Endosperm hardness
Endosperm hardness.
Endosperm hardness
EndoHard
The trait is scored for the response to the diseases caused by several fungi.
Fungal disease presence
FungDis
Fungal disease presence
Corn stunt complex (corn stunt spiroplasma, maize bushy stunt phytoplasma [= mycoplasma], maize rayado fino virus) incidence.
Corn stunt incidence
CSCInc
Corn stunt incidence
Stewarts wilt incidence
Stewarts wilt incidence
SteWiltInc
Stewart wilt (Erwinia stewartii) incidence.
Bacterial leaf stripe severity
Bacterial leaf stripe (Pseudomonas rubrilinians) severity.
Bacterial leaf stripe severity
BCLSSev
Bacterial stalk rot incidence
BactSRInc
Bacterial stalk rot (Erwinia chrysanthemi) incidence.
Bacterial stalk rot incidence
Maize bushy stunt (caused by mycoplasma like organism, MLO) severity.
Maize bushy stunt severity
CSCMSev
Maize bushy stunt severity
Rust severity
RustSev
Multiple rust pathogens severity.
Rust severity
Polysora rust severity
Polysora rust (in lowlands Puccinia polysora) severity.
Polysora rust severity
PpolySev
TRustSev
Tropical rust severity
Tropical rust (Physopella zeae) severity.
Tropical rust severity
Maydis leaf blight (Bipolaris maydis = Helminthosporium maydis) severity.
Maydis leaf blight severity
Southern corn leaf blight severity
Maydis leaf blight severity
BmaySev
ALBInc
Anthracnose leaf blight incidence
Anthracnose leaf blight incidence
Anthracnose (Colletotrichum graminicola) incidence.
Tillering
Tillering
Number of tillers per plant.
Tillering
AstriInc
Black bundle incidence
Black bundle incidence
Black bundle (Acremonium strictum) incidence.
Stalk rot incidence
SRInc
Stalk rot incidence
Stalk rot (multiple pathogens or an unidentified pathogen) incidence.
Charcoal rot or (Macrophomina phaseolina) incidence.
CharRInc
Charcoal rot incidence
Charcoal rot incidence
FusSRInc
Fusarium stalk rot incidence
Fusarium stalk rot incidence
Fusarium stalk rot incidence.
FmonSRInc
Fusarium moniliforme stalk rot incidence
Fusarium moniliforme stalk rot incidence.
Fusarium moniliforme stalk rot incidence
Fusarium graminearum stalk rot incidence
FgramSRInc
Fusarium graminearum stalk rot incidence.
Fusarium graminearum stalk rot incidence
Stenocarpella stalk rot incidence
Stenocarpella stalk rot incidence
Stenocarpella (=Diplodia) stalk rot incidence.
StenSRInc
Pythium stalk rot (Pythium spp.) incidence.
PytSRInc
Pythium stalk rot incidence
Pythium stalk rot incidence
Ear rot incidence.
ERInc
Ear rot incidence
Ear rot incidence
Fusarium ear rot severity
Fusarium ear rot severity
Fusarium ear rot severity.
FusERSev
Fusarium graminearum ear rot severity.
FgramERSev
Fusarium graminearum ear rot severity
Fusarium graminearum ear rot severity
FmonERSev
Fusarium moniliforme ear rot severity
Fusarium moniliforme ear rot severity.
Fusarium moniliforme ear rot severity
Aspergillus flavus ear rot severity
Aspergillus flavus ear rot severity
AflavERSev
Aspergillus flavus ear rot severity.
Stenocarpella ear rot severity
Stenocarpella (=Diplodia) ear rot severity.
Stenocarpella ear rot severity
SmaySev
Penicillium ear rot severity
Penicillium ear rot severity
Penicillium ear rot severity.
PERSev
Downy mildew severity
Downy mildews (several species of the genera Peronosclerospora, Sclerospora, and Sclerophthora) severity.
Downy mildew severity
DMSev
Philippine downy mildew incidence
PDMInc
Philippine downy mildew (Peronosclerospora philippinensis) incidence.
Philippine downy mildew incidence
Sugarcane downy mildew (Peronosclerospora sacchari) incidence.
Sugarcane downy mildew incidence
PsacchInc
Sugarcane downy mildew incidence
Brown stripe downy mildew (Sclerophthora rayssiae var. zeae) incidence.
Brown stripe downy mildew incidence
Brown stripe downy mildew incidence
BSDMInc
Java downy mildew incidence
Java downy mildew incidence
Java downy mildew (Peronosclerospora maydis) incidence.
DMJInc
Sorghum downy mildew incidence
Sorghum downy mildew (Peronosclerospora sorghi) incidence.
Sorghum downy mildew incidence
DMSInc
Crazy top (Sclerophthora macrospora) incidence.
Crazy top downy mildew incidence
CTMInc
Crazy top downy mildew incidence
Common smut (Ustilago maydis, syn. U. zeae) severity.
Common smut severity
Common smut severity
CSmutSev
Head smut incidence
HSmutInc
Head smut (Sphacelotheca reiliana) incidence.
Head smut incidence
Banded leaf and sheath blight severity
Banded leaf and sheath blight (Rhizoctonia solani f. sp. sasakii) severity.
Banded leaf and sheath blight severity
BLSBSev
Severity of common rust ( Puccinia sorghi).
Common rust severity
Common rust severity
CRustSev
BwSpotSev
Brown spot (Physoderma maydis) severity.
Brown spot severity
Brown spot severity
Gray leaf spot (Cercospora zeae-maydis) severity.
Gray leaf spot severity
Gray leaf spot severity
GLSSev
CLSSev
Curvularia leaf spot severity
Curvularia leaf spot severity
Curvularia leaf spot (Curvularia spp.) severity.
PLSSev
Phaeosphaeria leaf spot severity
Phaeosphaeria leaf spot severity
Phaeosphaeria leaf spot (Phaeosphaeria maydis) severity.
Tar spot complex (Phyllachora maydis, Monographella maydis) severity.
Tar spot complex severity
TSCSev
Tar spot complex severity
EturcSev
Turcicum leaf blight (Exserohilum turcicum = Helminthosporium turcicum) severity.
Turcicum leaf blight severity
Northern corn leaf blight severity
Turcicum leaf blight severity
Seedling disease incidence
Seedling disease incidence.
Seedling disease incidence
SdlngDisInc
Mal de rio cuarto virus incidence
Mal de rio cuarto virus incidence
Mal de rio cuarto virus (MRCV) incidence.
MRCVInc
Maize rayado fino virus incidence
Maize rayado fino virus incidence
Maize rayado fino virus (MRFV) incidence.
MRFVInc
Maize rough dwarf virus incidence
MRDVInc
Maize rough dwarf virus (MRDV) incidence.
Maize rough dwarf virus incidence
Maize stripe virus incidence
Maize stripe virus (MSTV) incidence.
Maize stripe virus incidence
MSTVInc
Maize dwarf mosaic virus (MDMV) incidence.
DMVInc
Maize dwarf mosaic virus incidence
Maize dwarf mosaic virus incidence
MSVInc
Maize streak virus incidence
Maize streak virus incidence (MSV) incidence.
Maize streak virus incidence
Sugarcane mosaic virus incidence
Sugarcane mosaic virus incidence
SCMVInc
Sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV) incidence.
Estimation of root mass at the end of the stress using an electrical capacitance meter.
RootCapac
Root capacitance
Root capacitance
Grain Tryptophan content
Whole-grain Tryptophan content.
GTrp
Grain Tryptophan content
Whole-grain Tryptophan content
Ear leaf chlorophyll content
Ear leaf chlorophyll content
Chlorophyll content in the ear leaf.
ELChl
Endosperm Tryptophan content
Tryptophan content in grain endosperm.
Endosperm Tryptophan content
EndoTrp
Standard method for whole-grain tryptophan content.
GTrp - Measurement
GTrp - Measurement
Whole-grain Lysine content
GLys
Grain Lysine content
Grain Lysine content
Whole-grain Lysine content.
EndoLys
Lysine content in grain endosperm.
Endosperm Lysine content
Endosperm Lysine content
Grain iron content
Whole-grain iron content
Whole-grain iron content.
GIron
Grain iron content
Whole-grain zinc content
GZinc
Grain zinc content
Whole-grain zinc content.
Grain zinc content
ELW
Weight of ear leaf (blade).
Ear leaf weight
Ear leaf weight
Grain abscisic acid content
Abscisic acid content in the grain.
GABA
Grain abscisic acid content
GSugar
Total sugar content in the grain.
Grain sugar content
Grain sugar content
Glucose content in the grain.
Grain glucose content
Grain glucose content
GGlucose
Osmotic adjustment
OA
Osmotic adjustment
Osmotic adjustment as ability of the plant to adjust the osmotic potential under stress conditions.
Osmotic potential
OP
A measure of the potential of water to move between regions of differing concentrations across a water-permeable membrane.
Osmotic potential
Root proline content
Root proline content
Proline content in the root.
RProl
Grain sucrose content
Grain sucrose content
Sucrose content in the grain
GSucrose
Whole-grain protein content.
GProt
Whole-grain protein content
Grain protein content
Grain protein content
Endosperm protein content
EndoProt
Protein content in grain endosperm.
Endosperm protein content
Whole-grain pro-vitaminA content
Whole-grain pro-vitaminA content.
Grain provitaminA content
Grain provitaminA content
GVitA
Whole-grain starch content
Whole-grain starch content.
Grain starch content
Grain starch content
GStarch
Large grain borer damage
Large grain borer (Prostephanus truncatus) damage.
LGBDmg
Large grain borer damage
Aphid damage
Aphid damage
AphDmg
Aphids (Rhopalosiphum maidis) damage.
Maize weevil incidence
WeevInc
Maize weevil (Sitophilus zeamais) incidence on grain.
Maize weevil incidence
The number of maize weevils (Sitophilus zeamais) hatching and emerging from an infested grain sample within a given period. Large values indicate susceptibility to grain weevils, small values indicate partial resistance to grain weevils.
WeevN
Maize weevil number in Grain
Maize weevil number in Grain
Grain weight loss by maize weevil
GWLostWeev
Grain weight loss by maize weevil
Loss of weight of the grain samples caused by weevil (Sitophilus zeamais) feeding during a given period of incubation.
Normalized difference vegetation index
Canopy normalized difference vegetation index.
NDVI
Normalized difference vegetation index
Grain weight
Grain weight
GW
Grain weight of mature kernels.
SCond
Stomatal conductance
Stomatal conductance
Leaf stomatal conductance
Grain ash content
GAsh
Grain ash content
Whole-grain ash content.
Kernel mineral content; Whole-grain ash content
Photochemical radiation index
Photochemical radiation index. A canopy reflectance index indicating photosynthetic radiation use efficiency.
Photochemical radiation index
PRI
Water index
Water index
A ratio between the reflectance at a water band wavelength to a nearby reference wavelength where there is no absorption due to water content variability.
WI
Canopy temperature
CT
Canopy temperature.
Canopy temperature
Ear leaf senescence time
ELSen
Ear leaf senescence time.
Ear leaf senescence time
Difference between the silk lengths measured at zero day pollen shedding and 7 days after pollen shedding.
Silk growth
SilkGrw
Silk growth
Ear growth
EGrw
Ear growth
Difference between the ear length (cm) measured at zero day pollen shedding and 7 days after pollen shedding.
GCol
Color of the grain.
Grain color
Grain color
Kernel color
Ear husk cover
Ear husk cover observed as degree of the husk covering the tip of the ear.
Ear husk cover
HskCov
Ear bad husk cover incidence
Ear bad husk cover incidence
BHskCovInc
Ears bad husk cover incidence.
Incidence of multiple cobs, as plants that have multiple ears arising from a single node.
MCob
Multiple cob incidence
Multiple cob incidence
Chupon
Busseola incidence
Busseola incidence
Busseola larvae incidence.
BusseolaInc
Earworm incidence
Earworm incidence
EWormInc
Ear worm (Heliothis) incidence.
Army worm (syn. Spodoptera exempta) damage.
Army worm damage
Army worm damage
AWormDmg
ChiloDmg
Chilo damage
Chilo (Chilo partellus) damage.
Chilo damage
Plant damage caused by Diabrotica species.
Diabrotica damage
Diabrotica damage
DiabroticaDmg
DiatraeaDmg
Diatraea damage
Plant damage caused by Diatraea species.
Diatraea damage
Damage of Striga hermonthica plants on maize plants.
StrigaDmg
Striga damage
Striga damage
StBorDmg
Stem borer damage includes different stem borers such as Chilo partellus, Sesamia spp. and Spodoptera.
Stem borer damage
Stem borer damage
Severity of leaf rolling, usually scored under drought stress.
Leaf rolling severity
Leaf rolling severity
LRollSev
Late wilt (Cephalosporium maydis) incidence.
LateWiltInc
Late wilt incidence
Late wilt incidence
StemCol
Color of the stem.
Stem color
Stem color
Sheath pubescence
Sheath pubescence
Presence and intensity of hairs on the surface of the leaf sheath.
ShtPub
TslTyp
Tassel branching type
Tassel branching type
Branching type of tassel.
Ear damage caused by ear rot and/or insects, etc.
EDmg
Ear damage
Ear damage
Kernel row arrangement
Grain row arrangement
Grain row arrangement
GRArr
Ear grain rows arrangement.
Grain row number
Number of grain rows in the central part of the uppermost ear.
Kernel row number
Grain row number
GRN
Type of grain.
Grain type
Grain type
Kernel type
GTyp
EDia
Ear diameter measured at the central part of uppermost ear.
Ear diameter
Ear diameter
Uppermost ear shape
Shape of uppermost ear whether cylindrical or cylindrical-conical or conical or round.
UpESh
Uppermost ear shape
Grain length
Kernel length
Grain length.
GLng
Grain length
GWid
Grain width
Grain width.
Grain width
Kernel width
FungDis - Estimation
Observe the plants that are damaged by any fungal diseases.
FungDis - Estimation
PHTslB - Measurement
Recommended to take multiple plants and measure the height from the base of a plant to the insertion of the first tassel branch, enter the data individually in the FieldBook and calculate the average.
PHTslB - Measurement
GUpSSh
Grain upper surface shape
Shape of the upper surface of grain.
Grain upper surface shape
Kernel upper surface shape
EH - Measurement
EH - Measurement
Recommended to take 6 alternating plants per plot and measure the height between the base of a plant to the insertion of the top (uppermost) ear of the same plant, enter the data individually in the FieldBook and calculate the average.
ASI - Computation
Count number of days from planting date to anthesis and silking to determine days to anthesis (DTA) and days to silking (DTS), respectively and determine anthesis silking interval (ASI) by calculating: ASI = DTS-DTA.
ASI - Computation
MLNSev
Maize lethal necrosis severity
Maize lethal necrosis severity
Maize lethal necrosis (MLN) severity.
GRArr - Estimation
GRArr - Estimation
Observe grain row arrangement in the harvested ears and rate 1-4 categorical scale.
Thickness of the grain.
Grain thickness
Grain thickness
GThk
Kernel thickenss
Observe the stem color between the two topmost ears.
StemCol - Estimation
StemCol - Estimation
Endosperm color
Color of the endosperm.
EndoCol
Endosperm color
TSCSev - Estimation
Observe tarspot complex severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
TSCSev - Estimation
Tassel blasting severity
Tassel blasting severity
Fogueo
TslBlastSev
Observation of blasting severity of the tassel (necrosis due to heat stress) at the time of flowering. It occurs under extreme temperatures and drought.
Number of days from sowing to when 50% of the plants shed pollen. Observe a known number of plants carefully (guideline: N = 20 for inbred lines or hybrids; N = 35 for open pollinated varieties) at the same time each day until 50% of the plants in the plot have produced at least one visible anther and score the number of days from sowing. Also, it can be calculated using sowing and anthesis date.
Days to anthesis - Computation
Days to anthesis - Computation
Aleurone color
Color of the aleurone.
Aleurone color
AleuCol
DTS - Computation
Number of days from sowing to when 50% of the plants silk. Also, it can be calculated using sowing and silking date.
DTS - Computation
Pericarp color
Pericarp color
PericCol
Color of the pericarp.
SLodgInc - Computation
Divide the total numbers of plants with lodged stems by number of plants harvested.
SLodgInc - Computation
1-4 Grain row arrangement scale
1-4 Grain row arrangement scale
1= regular
2= irregular
3= straight
4= spiral
Measure sample weight of grains per plot after harvest, record dry weight of the same samples and calculate grain moisture content for each sample using formula: 100*(Wt of sample - Dry Weight)/Wt of sample.
GMoi - Computation
GMoi - Computation
Standard method for whole-grain lysin content.
GLys - Measurement
GLys - Measurement
Adjusted GY - Computation
Calculate shelled grain yield per unit area adjusted to 12.5% grain moisture.
Adjusted GY - Computation
Harvest ears per plot (eliminate first and last plants to avoid border effects) and score ear aspect combining several ear-associated traits. Note: Combination of traits usually differs from one breeder to another depending on type of study.
EAsp - Estimation
EAsp - Estimation
EndoProt - Measurement
Standard method for endosperm protein content.
EndoProt - Measurement
PStand - Counting
Count total number of plants per plot.
PStand - Counting
Standard method for whole-grain protein content. % Protein = % of nitrogen x 6.25
GProt - Computation
GProt - Computation
EN - Computation
EN - Computation
Compute number of ears using the formula.
ppm
ppm
GCol - Estimation
Observe color of grains.
GCol - Estimation
mm
mm
BHskCovInc - Counting
BHskCovInc - Counting
Count the total number of ears with bad husk cover.
1-3 size scale
1-3 size scale
1= large
2= normal
3= small
PAsp - Estimation
PAsp - Estimation
Score the plants per plot combining several agronomical and morphological characters of plants such plant height, ear height, stem/root loading. Note: Combination of traits usually differ from one breeder to another depending on type of study.
ppb
ppb
Divide the total number of plants that are root lodged due to weak soil or poorly developed anchorage roots by the total number of plants that are harvested.
RLodgInc - Computation
RLodgInc - Computation
EndoTrp - Measurement
Standard method for endosperm tryptophan content.
EndoTrp - Measurement
GTyp - Estimation
Score the grains based on grain characters such as floury, dent per plot.
GTyp - Estimation
Aflatox
Aflatoxin content
Aflatoxin content
Grain Aflatoxins content produced by Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus.
LRollSev - Estimation
Observe the plants per plot with the leaves rolled.
LRollSev - Estimation
Standard method for aflatoxin content.
Aflatox - Measurement
Aflatox - Measurement
RGY - Computation
Relative grain yield expressed as percentage of the mean grain yield of the trial. Values above 100% indicate above-average performance; values below 100% indicate below-average performance.
RGY - Computation
GTex - Estimation
GTex - Estimation
Observe the variation of the intensity of a kernel/grain surface and score grain texture based on properties such as smoothness, coarseness and regularity of the grain.
HskCov - Estimation
Observe the ears hask cover and rate it.
HskCov - Estimation
GCol - Estimation
GCol - Estimation
Count total number of grain rows in the ear.
SRInc - Computation
Divide the total number of SRot damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
SRInc - Computation
Observe dead leaf area per plant/plot and rate.
Sen - Estimation
Sen - Estimation
Divide the total number of ears that are rotten by the total number of plants that are harvested.
ERInc - Computation
ERInc - Computation
Use ear height and plant height data of the same plants per plot and calculate the ratio. Small values indicate low ear position; large values indicate high ear position.
EPo - Computation
EPo - Computation
DMSev - Estimation
DMSev - Estimation
Observe downy mildew severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
EndoHard - Estimation
Determine quality of endosperm such as hardness in the lab and use 1-5 to scale to score it.
EndoHard - Estimation
Observe rust severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
RustSev - Estimation
RustSev - Estimation
FgramSRInc - Computation
FgramSRInc - Computation
Divide the total number of FgramSR damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
FusERSev - Estimation
FusERSev - Estimation
Observe fusarium ear rot severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
Divide the total number of FmonSR damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
FmonSRInc - Computation
FmonSRInc - Computation
FusSRInc - Computation
FusSRInc - Computation
Divide the total number of FusSR damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
Divide the total number of PytSR damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
PytSRInc - Computation
PytSRInc - Computation
1-5 disease scoring scale
1-5 disease scoring scale
1= highly resistant, clean no (%) infection
2= resistant, disease symptoms covering up to 20%
3= moderately susceptible, disease symptoms covering up to 50%
4= susceptible, disease symptoms covering upto 70%
5= highly susceptible, disease symptoms covering >80%
StenSRInc - Computation
StenSRInc - Computation
Divide the total number of StenSR damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
MLNSev - Estimation
Observe maize lethal necrosis severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
MLNSev - Estimation
Days to maturity - Computation
Days to maturity - Computation
Number of days required from seeding to grain ripening. Also, it can be calculated using sowing and maturity date.
ABA - Measurement
Standard method for abscisic acid content.
ABA - Measurement
TslSiz - Estimation
TslSiz - Estimation
Score the tassels based on size using 1-3 categorical scale.
Count the total number of plants that are affected by corn stunt complex per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
CSCInc - Counting
CSCInc - Counting
Measured with a portable chlorophyll meter (e.g. SPAD). Take the average measure from leaves of six alternating plants and use always leaves of similar insertion level.
Chl - Measurement
Chl - Measurement
CLSSev - Estimation
Observe curvularia leaf spot severity on plants per plot based on the degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
CLSSev - Estimation
Divide the total number of Chupon plants by the total number of plants harvested.
MCob - Computation
MCob - Computation
GLSSev - Estimation
GLSSev - Estimation
Observe GLS severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
Number of days from sowing to when 50% of the plants have a dry ear leaf. Count the number of days from sowing to when 50% of the plants have a dry ear leaf. Also, it can be calculated using sowing and ear leaf senescence date.
Days to ear leaf senescence date - Computation
Days to ear leaf senescence date - Computation
PLSSev - Estimation
PLSSev - Estimation
Observe phaeosphaeria leaf spot severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
BmaySev - Estimation
BmaySev - Estimation
Observe maydis leaf blight severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
EGrw - Measurement
Standard method for ear growth.
EGrw - Measurement
AflavERSev - Estimation
Observe aspergillus flavus ear rot severity on the harvested ears per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
AflavERSev - Estimation
EGrwR - Computation
Standard method for ear growth rate.
EGrwR - Computation
FgramERSev - Estimation
FgramERSev - Estimation
Observe fusarium graminearum ear rot severity on ears per plot based on degree of infection.
Standard method for ear leaf length.
ELLng - Measurement
ELLng - Measurement
Observe fusarium moniliforme ear rot severity on plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
FmonERSev - Estimation
FmonERSev - Estimation
ELW - Measurement
Standard method for ear leaf weight.
ELW - Measurement
Observe penicillium ear rot severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
PERSev - Estimation
PERSev - Estimation
SmaySev - Estimation
SmaySev - Estimation
Observe stenocarpella ear rot severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
Calculated as growing-degree units or growing degree days between sowing and 50% anthesis.
Growing degree days to anthesis - Computation
Growing degree days to anthesis - Computation
EturcSev - Estimation
Observe turcicum leaf blight severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
EturcSev - Estimation
Growing degree days to maturity - Computation
Growing degree days to maturity - Computation
Calculated as growing-degree units or growing degree days between sowing and maturity.
PpolySev - Estimation
Observe polysora rust severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
PpolySev - Estimation
GLng - Measurement
Average of 10 consecutive grains from one row in the middle of the uppermost ear, measured with calliper.
GLng - Measurement
CRustSev - Estimation
CRustSev - Estimation
Observe common rust severity on plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
Measure on the same 10 grains used for taking grain length measurement.
GWid - Measurement
GWid - Measurement
CSmutSev - Estimation
CSmutSev - Estimation
Observe common smut severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
LWid - Measurement
Take same leaf measured for leaf length and measure mid-way along its length.
LWid - Measurement
TRustSev - Estimation
Observe tropical severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
TRustSev - Estimation
EndoLys - Measurement
EndoLys - Measurement
Standard method for endosperm lysin content.
Divide the total number of DMV damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
DMVInc - Computation
DMVInc - Computation
SCMVInc - Computation
SCMVInc - Computation
Divide the total number of SCMV damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
MSVSev - Estimation
Observe the plants that are affected by maize streak virus per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
MSVSev - Estimation
Divide the total number of MRCV damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
MRCVInc - Computation
MRCVInc - Computation
HSmutInc - Computation
Divide the total number of HSmut damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
HSmutInc - Computation
MSTVInc - Computation
Divide the total number of MSTV damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
MSTVInc - Computation
Divide the total number of ALB damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
ALBInc - Computation
ALBInc - Computation
Divide the total number of MRDV damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
MRDVInc - Computation
MRDVInc - Computation
Observe the plant damage caused by chilo per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
ChiloDmg - Estimation
ChiloDmg - Estimation
MRFVInc - Computation
Divide the total number of MRFV damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
MRFVInc - Computation
EDmg - Estimation
EDmg - Estimation
Observe the ears damage caused by ear rot and/or insects per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
StBorDmg - Estimation
StBorDmg - Estimation
Observe the plant damage caused by stem borer per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
StrigaDmg - Estimation
StrigaDmg - Estimation
Observe the maize plant damage caused by striga per plot.
RootCapac - Measurement
Standard method for root capitance.
RootCapac - Measurement
LGBDmg - Estimation
Observe the plant damage caused by large grain borer per plot
LGBDmg - Estimation
Score maize weevil damage on the plants per plot.
WeevInc - Estimation
WeevInc - Estimation
LLng - Measurement
Measure the leaf which subtends the uppermost ear from ligule to apex.
LLng - Measurement
ShtPub - Estimation
Standard method for sheath pubescence content.
ShtPub - Estimation
BSDMInc - Computation
Divide the total number of BSDM damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
BSDMInc - Computation
SilkGrw - Measurement
Standard method for silk growth.
SilkGrw - Measurement
Divide the total number of CTM damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
CTMInc - Computation
CTMInc - Computation
SilkGrwR - Computation
SilkGrwR - Computation
Standard method for silk growth rate.
DMJInc - Computation
Divide the total number of DMJ damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
DMJInc - Computation
Standard method for silk length.
SilkLng - Measurement
SilkLng - Measurement
PDMInc - Computation
PDMInc - Computation
Divide the total number of PDM damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
TslBW - Measurement
Standard method for tassel branches dry weight.
TslBW - Measurement
DMSInc - Computation
DMSInc - Computation
Divide the total number of DMS damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
g
g
PsacchInc - Computation
Divide the total number of Psacch damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
PsacchInc - Computation
TslBN - Counting
TslBN - Counting
Standard method for tassel branches number.
BLSBSev - Estimation
BLSBSev - Estimation
Observe banded leaf and sheath blight severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
Tillering - Counting
Tillering - Counting
Count the number of tillers per plant (average of more than 20 representative) plants.
Divide the total number of ASTRI damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
AstriInc - Computation
AstriInc - Computation
UpESh - Estimation
Observe shape of uppermost ear.
UpESh - Estimation
BwSpotSev - Estimation
BwSpotSev - Estimation
Observe brown spot severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
Divide the total number of CharRot damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
CharRInc - Computation
CharRInc - Computation
Divide the total number of LateWilt damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
LateWiltInc - Computation
LateWiltInc - Computation
Divide the total number of SeedlingDis affected plants by the total number of plants harvested.
SdlngDisInc - Computation
SdlngDisInc - Computation
BCLSSev - Estimation
Observe bacterial leaf stripe severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
BCLSSev - Estimation
1-9 Grain color scale
1-9 Grain color scale
1= white
2= yellow
3= purple
4= variegated
5= brown
6= orange
7= mottled
8= white cap
9= red
BactSRInc - Computation
BactSRInc - Computation
Divide the total number of BactSR damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
0-10 Senescence scale
0-10 Senescence scale
0= no dead leaf area
9= 81-90% dead leave area
1= 1-10% dead leaf area
2= 11-20% dead leaf area
3= 21-30% dead leaf area
4=31-40% dead leaf area
5= 41-50% dead leave area
6= 51-60% dead leave area
7= 61-70% dead leave area
8= 71-80% dead leave area
Observe maize busy stunt severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
CSCMSev - Estimation
CSCMSev - Estimation
SteWiltInc - Computation
SteWiltInc - Computation
Divide the total number of SteWilt damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
1-11 Grain type scale
1-11 Grain type scale
1= floury
10 Tunicate
2= semi-floury (morocho), with an external layer of hard endoseprm.
3= dent
4= Semi-dent, intermediate between dent and flint but closer to dent
5= Semi-flint, flint with a soft cap
6= flint
7= pop
8= sweet
9= Opaque 2/QPM
AphDmg - Estimation
Observe the plant damage caused by aphids per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
AphDmg - Estimation
AWormDmg - Estimation
Observe the plant damage caused by army worms per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
AWormDmg - Estimation
BusseolaInc - Counting
BusseolaInc - Counting
Count the number plants that are damaged by busseola (african stem borer) per plot.
DiabroticaDmg - Estimation
Observe the plant damage caused by Diabrotica per plot.
DiabroticaDmg - Estimation
��C
��C
DiatraeaDmg - Estimation
DiatraeaDmg - Estimation
Observe the plant damage caused by Diatraea plot.
Divide the total number of EWDMG damaged ears by the total number of plants harvested.
EWormInc - Computation
EWormInc - Computation
WeevN - Counting
WeevN - Counting
Standard method for maize weevil number in a sample. Weevils were counted only once (at the end of a 45-d incubation period)
GWLostWeev - Measurement
GWLostWeev - Measurement
Seed weight loss was determined using the count and weight method of Gwinner et al (1996). Weight loss (%) = (Wu x Nd) - (Wd x Nu) x 100 / Wu x (Nd + Nu) where Wu=weight of the undamaged seed, Nu = number of undamaged seed, Wd = Weight of damaged seed, and Nd=Number of damaged seed.
GW DW - Measurement
Count and weigh grains randomly selected from the total grains.
GW DW - Measurement
Standard method for grain number.
GN - Computation
GN - Computation
Measure, when applicable, ear diameter at the central part of uppermost ears of at least 20 representative plants per accession.
EDia - Measurement
EDia - Measurement
cm
cm
ELng - Measurement
Measure, when applicable, ear length of at least 20 representative plants per accession, record the data in the fieldbook.
ELng - Measurement
%
%
TslTyp - Estimation
TslTyp - Estimation
Standard method for tassel type.
day
day
Standard method for ear leaf chlorophyll content.
ELChl - Measurement
ELChl - Measurement
plant/plot
plant/plot
YLChl - Measurement
YLChl - Measurement
Standard method for young leaf chlorophyll content.
ear/plant
ear/plant
Glucose - Measurement
Standard method for glucose content.
Glucose - Measurement
kg/plot
kg/plot
Observe the shape of the upper surface of grain, when applicable, on at least 20 representative plants per accession, after harvest.
GUpSSh - Estimation
GUpSSh - Estimation
Optimum number of measurements: i) Vegetative stage: Weekly measurements from 2 to 6 weeks after planting; ii) Flowering: only for inbred lines.
NDVI - Measurement
NDVI - Measurement
PericCol - Estimation
Observe the pericarp color, when applicable, on at least 20 representative plants per accession.
PericCol - Estimation
OA - Measurement
OA - Measurement
Standard method for osmotic adjustment.
AleuCol - Estimation
Observe the aleurone color, when applicable, on at least 20 representative plants per accession.
AleuCol - Estimation
OP - Measurement
Standard method for osmotic potential.
OP - Measurement
Observe the endosperm color, when applicable, on at least 20 representative plants per accession.
EndoCol - Estimation
EndoCol - Estimation
PRI - Measurement
Standard method for photochemical radiation index.
PRI - Measurement
GThk - Measurement
Measure the thickness of the same 10 grains used for taking grain length measurement.
GThk - Measurement
Standard method for proline content.
Proline - Measurement
Proline - Measurement
TslBlastSev - Estimation
Standard method for tassel blasting.
TslBlastSev - Estimation
index
index
SCond - Measurement
Measured with a portable porometer. Take the measures in the middle between leaf tip and leaf base, and in between leaf midrib and leaf rim. Blade sections measured must to be exposed to sunlight for at least the 30 minutes before. Measurements always performed in the same side of the leaf (usually the lower or abaxial one). One measurement per leaf, and at least 3 per plot. 1 min per measurement.
SCond - Measurement
Standard method for sucrose content.
Sucrose - Measurement
Sucrose - Measurement
CCI
CCI
Sugar - Measurement
Standard method for total sugar content.
Sugar - Measurement
GAsh - Measurement
Standard method for whole-grain ash content
GAsh - Measurement
Standard method for water index.
WI - Measurement
WI - Measurement
Standard method for whole-grain iron content.
GIron - Measurement
GIron - Measurement
GVitA - Measurement
GVitA - Measurement
Standard method for whole-grain pro-vitaminA content.
GStarch - Measurement
GStarch - Measurement
Standard method for whole-grain starch content.
Standard method for whole-grain zinc content.
GZinc - Measurement
GZinc - Measurement
Standard method for canopy temperature.
CT - Measurement
CT - Measurement
1-5 rating scale
1-5 rating scale
1= excellent
2= good
3= intermediate
4= poor
5= very poor
1-3 density scale
1-3 density scale
1= sparse
2= intermediate
3= dense
1-3 Tassel branching type scale
1-3 Tassel branching type scale
1= primary
2= secondary
3= primary-secondary-tertiary
1-5 damage scoring scale
1-5 damage scoring scale
1= clean, no damage
2= slightly (20%) damaged
3= moderately (50% ) damaged
4= Significantly (70%) damaged
5= highly (>80%) damaged
1-5 Endosperm hardness scale
1-5 Endosperm hardness scale
1= hard and transparent grains
2= semi-hard and semi-transparent grains
3= intermediate grain hardness
4= semi-soft and semi-opaque grains
5 = soft and opaque grains
1-5 Grain texture scale
1-5 Grain texture scale
1= flint
2= semi-flint
3= intermediate
4= semi-dent
5 = dent
1-5 Leaf rolling severity scale
1-5 Leaf rolling severity scale
1= unrolled
2= turgid leaves
3= desirable
4= not severely rolled leaves
5= severely rolled leaves, undesirable
1-5 Pericarp color scale
1-5 Pericarp color scale
1= colorless
2= grayyish white
3= red
4= brown
5= other
1-5 Aleurone color scale
1-5 Aleurone color scale
1= colorless
2= bronze
3= red
4= purple
5= other
1-4 Ear shape scale
1-4 Ear shape scale
1= cylindrical
2= cylindrical-conical
3= conical
4= round
Corn stunt spiroplasma severity
Corn stunt spiroplasma severity.
Corn stunt spiroplasma severity
CSSSev
CSSSev - Estimation
Observe fusarium graminearum ear rot severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection.
CSSSev - Estimation
1-5 WeevDmgInc scale
1-5 WeevDmgInc scale
1= no infestation
2= slightly (20%) infested
3= moderately (50% ) infested
4= Significantly (70%) infested
5= severly infested
cm/day
cm/day
0-1 absent-present scale
0-1 absent-present scale
0= absent
1= present
1-5 Tassel blasting severity scale
1-5 Tassel blasting severity scale
1= no blasting
2= low to moderate level of blasting
3= moderate level of blasting
3= moderate to high level of blasting
5= very high level of blasting
pg/g
pg/g
��C day
��C day
Mpa
Mpa
uF
uF
mmol /m2/s
mmol /m2/s
tiller/plant
tiller/plant
row/ear
row/ear
branch
branch
weevil
weevil
grain/plant
grain/plant
Aspergillus ear rot severity.
AspERSev
Aspergillus ear rot severity
Aspergillus ear rot severity
AspERSev - Estimation
Observe aspergillus ear rot severity on the harvested ears per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
AspERSev - Estimation
DMSSev - Estimation
DMSSev - Estimation
Observe sorghum downy mildew severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
Number of ears harvested.
Ear harvested number
Ear harvested number
EHvst
Ear weight
Weight of mature upper ear, including cob and kernels, and at a defined moisture content, although often this is not provided.
EW
Ear weight
Ear shelling ratio
Ear shelling ratio
The ratio of grain to total ear weight.
Shell
Grain oil content
Whole-grain oil content
GOil
Whole-grain oil content.
Grain oil content
Leaf color
LCol
Color of the leaf.
Leaf color
Leaf erectness
Insertion angle of the leaves.
Leaf erectness
LErect
SilkCol
Silk Anthocyanin coloration
Anthocyanin coloration of stigmas.
Silk Anthocyanin coloration
StdGerm
Standard germination
Standard germination
Standard germination.
TslCol
Tassel Anthocyanin coloration
Tassel Anthocyanin coloration
Anthocyanin coloration of tassel.
Tassel density
Density of spikelets.
Tassel density
TslDen
Tassel exertion
TslExer
Tassel exertion
Tassel exertion.
TslOpen
Tassel angle.
Tassel opening
Tassel opening
Plant uniformity
PUnif
Uniformity of plants.
Plant uniformity
Plant vigor
Plant vigor
PVig
Plant vigor.
StrigaPN - Counting
Count the total number of emerged striga plants per plot. It is counted three times, 8 weeks, 10 weeks and 12 weeks after planting.
StrigaPN - Counting
Plants harvested
Plants harvested
Number of plants harvested per unit area.
PHvst
BHskCovInc - Computation
BHskCovInc - Computation
Divide the total number of ears with bad husk cover by the total number of ears harvested.
Common smut incidence
Common smut (Ustilago maydis, syn. U. zeae)incidence.
CSmutInc
Common smut incidence
CSmutInc - Computation
Divide the total number of CSN damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
CSmutInc - Computation
Divide the total number of CSC damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
CSCInc - Computation
CSCInc - Computation
Determine ear position using 1-3 scale.
EPo - Estimation
EPo - Estimation
1-3 Ear position scale
1-3 Ear position scale
1= low ear position
2= ear around mid-plant
3= high ear position
Count the total number of ears that damaged or/and rotten per plot.
ERInc - Counting
ERInc - Counting
FusSRInc - Counting
Count the plants that are affected by fusarium stalk rot per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
FusSRInc - Counting
FgramSRInc - Counting
Count the plants that are affected by fusarium graminearum stalk rot per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
FgramSRInc - Counting
FmonSRInc - Counting
FmonSRInc - Counting
Count the plants that are affected by fusarium moniliforme stalk rot per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
HSmutInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by head smut per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
HSmutInc - Counting
DMVInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by maize dwarf mosaic virus per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
DMVInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by maize streak virus per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
MSVInc - Counting
MSVInc - Counting
MSVInc - Computation
MSVInc - Computation
Divide the total number of MSV damaged plants by the total number of plants harvested.
RLodgInc - Counting
RLodgInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that show root lodging and record data in filedbook. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
SLodgInc - Counting
SLodgInc - Counting
Count the number of plants with the stem lodged. The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
MCob - Counting
MCob - Counting
Count the number of plants that have more than one ear growing from the same node.
CTMInc - Counting
CTMInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by CTM per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
Count the number of plants that are affected by DMJ per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
DMJInc - Counting
DMJInc - Counting
PytSRInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by pythium stalk rot per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
PytSRInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by sorghum downy mildew per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
DMSInc - Counting
DMSInc - Counting
PDMInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by philippine downy mildew per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
PDMInc - Counting
PsacchInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by sugarcane downy mildew per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
PsacchInc - Counting
SCMVInc - Counting
SCMVInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by sugarcane mosaic virus per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
Count the number of plants that are affected by stalk rot per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
SRInc - Counting
SRInc - Counting
ALBInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by anthracnose leaf blight per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
ALBInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by bacterial stalk rot per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
BactSRInc - Counting
BactSRInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by black bundle per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
AstriInc - Counting
AstriInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by brown stripe downy mildew per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
BSDMInc - Counting
BSDMInc - Counting
CharRInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by charcoal rot per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
CharRInc - Counting
EWormInc - Counting
EWormInc - Counting
Count the number of ear damage caused by earworm per plot.
LateWiltInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by late wilt per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
LateWiltInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by maize bushy stunt per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
MRFVInc - Counting
MRFVInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by maize rough dwarf virus per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
MRDVInc - Counting
MRDVInc - Counting
MSTVInc - Counting
MSTVInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by maize stripe virus per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
Count the number of plants that are affected by mal de rio cuarto virus per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
MRCVInc - Counting
MRCVInc - Counting
StenSRInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by stenocarpella stalk rot per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
StenSRInc - Counting
SteWiltInc - Counting
SteWiltInc - Counting
Count the number of plants that are affected by stewart wilt per plot. Note: The first and the last plants are eliminated to avoid border effects.
PHvst - Counting
Count the total number of plants harvested per plot/entry.
PHvst - Counting
EHvst - Counting
EHvst - Counting
Count the total number of ears harvested per plot/entry, excluding secondary ears that are extremely small.
ug/g
ug/g
Harvest all ears in a plot (or row), put them in the nylon bag and record weight. If at all possible, delay harvest of maize until its moisture content is low (15-25%).
EarW Dry weight - Measurement
EarW Dry weight - Measurement
FW GY - Measurement
FW GY - Measurement
Shell the grains (kernels) from the ears harvested per plot and record fresh (field) weight.
Use formula to calculate ear sheeling ratio.
Shell - Computation
Shell - Computation
Standard method for oil content
GOil - Measurement
GOil - Measurement
t/ha
t/ha
PUnif - Estimation
PUnif - Estimation
Standard method for plant uniformity
PVig - Estimation
PVig - Estimation
Standard method for plant vigor
LCol - Estimation
LCol - Estimation
Standard method for leaf color.
Standard method for leaf erectness
LErect - Estimation
LErect - Estimation
Standard method for silk Anthocyanin coloration.
SilkAnCol - Estimation
SilkAnCol - Estimation
StdGerm - Estimation
StdGerm - Estimation
Standard method for standard germination
TslAnCol - Estimation
Standard method for tassel Anthocyanin coloration.
TslAnCol - Estimation
TslDen - Estimation
Standard method for tassel density
TslDen - Estimation
TslExer - Estimation
TslExer - Estimation
Standard method for tassel exertion
TslOpen - Estimation
TslOpen - Estimation
Standard method for tassel opening
1-5 Leaf color scale
1-5 Leaf color scale
1= light green
2= green
3= dark green
4= reddish
5= purple
1-4 Leaf erectness scale
1-4 Leaf erectness scale
1= erect
2= semi erect
3= semi horizontal
4= drooping
1-5 Anthocyanin coloration scale
1-5 Anthocyanin coloration scale
1= absent
2= weak
3= medium
4= strong
5= very strong
1-5 Standard germination scale
1-5 Standard germination scale
1= excellent germination (90-100%)
2= good germination (70-89%)
3= intermediate germination (30-69%)
4= poor germination (11-29%)
5= very poor germination (0-10%)
1-3 Tassel density scale
1-3 Tassel density scale
1= lax
2= medium
3= dense
1-5 Tassel exertion scale
1-5 Tassel exertion scale
1= very short
2= short
3= medium
4= long
5= very long
1-5 Tassel opening scale
1-5 Tassel opening scale
1= very compact
2= compact
3= semi open
4= open
5= postrate
1-3 Plant uniformity scale
1-3 Plant uniformity scale
1= 100%
2= 95%
3= mixed
1-5 Vigor scale
1-5 Vigor scale
1= very vigorous
2= vigorous
3= normal
4= weak
5= very weak
AleuCol_E_1to5
AleuCol_E_1to5
Anther Anthocyanin coloration
AntCol
Anthocyanin coloration of anthers.
Anther Anthocyanin coloration
AntAnCol - Estimation
AntAnCol - Estimation
Standard method for tassel anthers Anthocyanin coloration. The observation should be made in the middle third of the main branch on fresh anthers.
AntAnCol_E_1to5
AntAnCol_E_1to5
AflavERSev_E_1to5
AflavERSev_E_1to5
AspERSev_E_1to5
AspERSev_E_1to5
BHskCovInc_Cmp_pct
BHskCovInc_Cmp_pct
BHskCovInc_Ct_plntPlot
BHskCovInc_Ct_plntPlot
BHskCovInc - Estimation
Observation of ears with bad husk cover.
BHskCovInc - Estimation
BHskCovInc_E_pct
BHskCovInc_E_pct
CSmutSev_E_1to5
CSmutSev_E_1to5
EAsp_E_1to5
EAsp_E_1to5
EDia_M_cm
EDia_M_cm
EDmg_E_1to5
EDmg_E_1to5
Ear shape
Ear shape
EarForm
Ear shape
EShape
Standard method for ear shape
EShape - Estimation
EShape - Estimation
1-3 Ear shape scale
1-3 Ear shape scale
1= conical
2= conical-cylindrical
3= cylindrical
EShape_E_1to3
EShape_E_1to3
EGrw_M_cm
EGrw_M_cm
EGrwR_Cmp_cmday
EGrwR_Cmp_cmday
EH_M_cm
EH_M_cm
ear/plot
ear/plot
EHvst_Ct_earPlot
EHvst_Ct_earPlot
ELng_M_cm
ELng_M_cm
EN_Ct_earplnt
EN_Ct_earplnt
Ear position ratio
Ear position ratio
EPo_Cmp_ratio
EPo_Cmp_ratio
EPo_E_1to3
EPo_E_1to3
ERInc_Cmp_pct
ERInc_Cmp_pct
ERInc_Ct_earPlot
ERInc_Ct_earPlot
ERInc - Estimation
ERInc - Estimation
Score percentage of rotten ears at harvest.
ERInc_E_pct
ERInc_E_pct
EarW Field weight - Measurement
EarW Field weight - Measurement
Harvest all ears in a plot (or row), put them in the nylon bag and dry at 60-70��C for 1-2 days, then measure and record the weight of dried ears.
EW_DW_kgPlot
EW_DW_kgPlot
EW_FW_kgPlot
EW_FW_kgPlot
Ear worm (Heliothis) damage.
EWormDmg
Earworm damage
Earworm damage
Standard method for earworm damage measured in cm of feeding. 0 - no ear damage, 1 - 1 cm, + 1 for each additional cm of feeding
EWormDmg - Measurement
EWormDmg - Measurement
EWormDmg_M_cm
EWormDmg_M_cm
EWormInc_Cmp_pct
EWormInc_Cmp_pct
EWormInc_Ct_plntPlot
EWormInc_Ct_plntPlot
FgramERSev_E_1to5
FgramERSev_E_1to5
FmonERSev_E_1to5
FmonERSev_E_1to5
FusERSev_E_1to5
FusERSev_E_1to5
GRArr_E_1to4
GRArr_E_1to4
GRN_Ct_rowear
GRN_Ct_rowear
HskCov_E_1to5
HskCov_E_1to5
PERSev_E_1to5
PERSev_E_1to5
Shell_Cmp_pct
Shell_Cmp_pct
Ear shelling ratio
Ear shelling ratio
Shell_Cmp_ratio
Shell_Cmp_ratio
SmaySev_E_1to5
SmaySev_E_1to5
ELLng_M_cm
ELLng_M_cm
ELW_M_g
ELW_M_g
ELChl_M_CCI
ELChl_M_CCI
1-6 Endosperm color scale
1-6 Endosperm color scale
1= white
2= cream
3= pale yellow
4= yellow
5= orange
6= white cap
EndoCol_E_1to6
EndoCol_E_1to6
EndoHard_E_1to5
EndoHard_E_1to5
EndoLys_M_pct
EndoLys_M_pct
EndoProt_M_pct
EndoProt_M_pct
EndoTrp_M_pct
EndoTrp_M_pct
Aflatox_M_ppb
Aflatox_M_ppb
GCol_E_1to9
GCol_E_1to9
GLng_M_mm
GLng_M_mm
GMoi_Cmp_pct
GMoi_Cmp_pct
Measure moisture of a grain sample using NIRS moisture analyzer.
NIRS Moi - Measurement
NIRS Moi - Measurement
GMoi_NIRS_pct
GMoi_NIRS_pct
GN_Cmp_grnplnt
GN_Cmp_grnplnt
GTex_E_1to5
GTex_E_1to5
GThk_M_mm
GThk_M_mm
GTyp_E_1to11
GTyp_E_1to11
GUpSSh_E_1to6
GUpSSh_E_1to6
g/1000grain
g/1000grain
TKW
TGW
1000KW
GW_DW_g1000grn
GW_DW_g1000grn
g/100grain
g/100grain
GW_DW_g100grn
100KW
GW_DW_g100grn
g/200grain
g/200grain
GW_DW_g200grn
200KW
GW_DW_g200grn
GWid_M_mm
GWid_M_mm
kg/ha
kg/ha
GY_Adj_kgha
GY_Adj_kgha
GY_Adj_tha
GY_Adj_tha
Shell the grains (kernels) from the ears harvested per plot and put grains in a paper bag and dry at 60-70��C for 1-2 days, then measure and record the weight of dried grain.
DW GY - Measurement
DW GY - Measurement
g/plot
g/plot
GY_DW_gPlot
GY_DW_gPlot
Calculate shelled grain yield per unit area calculated in dry weight basis.
Dry weight basis GY - Computation
Dry weight basis GY - Computation
GY_DW_kgha
GY_DW_kgha
Shell the grains (kernels) from the ears harvested per plot and put grains in a paper bag and dry at 60-70��C for 1-2 days, then measure and record the weight of dried grain.
DW GY - Measurement
DW GY - Measurement
GY_DW_kgPlot
GY_DW_kgPlot
DW GY - Computation
DW GY - Computation
Calculate shelled grain yield per unit area calculated in dry weight basis.
GY_DW_tha
GY_DW_tha
GY_FW_gPlot
GY_FW_gPlot
Calculate shelled grain yield per unit area calculated in fresh (field) weight basis.
FW GY - Computation
FW GY - Computation
GY_FW_kgha
GY_FW_kgha
GY_FW_kgPlot
GY_FW_kgPlot
FW GY - Computation
FW GY - Computation
Calculate shelled grain yield per unit area calculated in fresh (field) weight basis.
GY_FW_tha
GY_FW_tha
It is calculated as the numerical position of the progeny when yields are arrenged from highest to lowest.
GYRank - Computation
GYRank - Computation
Rank number
Rank number
GY_Rank_number
GY_Rank_number
Calculated as relative grain yield agaisnst the best check in percentage.
Relative to check - Computation
Relative to check - Computation
GY_RelChk_pct
GY_RelChk_pct
GY_RGY_pct
GY_RGY_pct
LGBDmg_E_1to5
LGBDmg_E_1to5
StdGerm_E_1to5
StdGerm_E_1to5
WeevInc_E_1to5
WeevInc_E_1to5
WeevN_Ct_weevil
WeevN_Ct_weevil
BCLSSev_E_1to5
BCLSSev_E_1to5
BLSBSev_E_1to5
BLSBSev_E_1to5
BmaySev_E_1to5
BmaySev_E_1to5
BwSpotSev_E_1to5
BwSpotSev_E_1to5
Chl_M_CCI
Chl_M_CCI
CLSSev_E_1to5
CLSSev_E_1to5
CRustSev_E_1to5
CRustSev_E_1to5
DMSev_E_1to5
DMSev_E_1to5
EturcSev_E_1to5
EturcSev_E_1to5
GLSSev_E_1to5
GLSSev_E_1to5
LAsh
Leaf ash content
Leaf ash content
Ash content in maize leaves.
Standard method for leaves ash content
LAsh- Measurement
LAsh- Measurement
LAsh_M_pct
LAsh_M_pct
NIRS LAsh - Measurement
NIRS LAsh - Measurement
NIRS method for leaves ash content
LAsh_NIRS_pct
LAsh_NIRS_pct
LCol_E_1to5
LCol_E_1to5
LErect_E_1to4
LErect_E_1to4
LLng_M_cm
LLng_M_cm
LRollSev_E_1to5
LRollSev_E_1to5
LWid_M_cm
LWid_M_cm
PLSSev_E_1to5
PLSSev_E_1to5
PpolySev_E_1to5
PpolySev_E_1to5
RustSev_E_1to5
RustSev_E_1to5
SCond_M_mmolm2s
SCond_M_mmolm2s
Sen_E_0to10
Sen_E_0to10
Sen_E_pct
Sen_E_pct
TRustSev_E_1to5
TRustSev_E_1to5
TSCSev_E_1to5
TSCSev_E_1to5
PericCol_E_1to5
PericCol_E_1to5
ALBInc_Cmp_pct
ALBInc_Cmp_pct
ALBInc_Ct_plntPlot
ALBInc_Ct_plntPlot
AnthesisGDU
Ant_Cmp_Cday
Ant_Cmp_Cday
Anthesis date - Estimation
Anthesis date - Estimation
Date when 50% of the plants shed pollen. Observe a known number of plants carefully (guideline: N = 20 for inbred lines or hybrids; N = 35 for open pollinated varieties) at the same time each day until 50% of the plants in the plot have produced at least one visible anther and record the date.
yyyymmdd
yyyymmdd
AD
Ant_Date_ymd
Ant_Date_ymd
Ant_DT_day
DTA
Ant_DT_day
AphDmg_E_1to5
AphDmg_E_1to5
ASI_Cmp_day
ASI_Cmp_day
AstriInc_Cmp_pct
AstriInc_Cmp_pct
AstriInc_Ct_plntPlot
AstriInc_Ct_plntPlot
AWormDmg_E_1to5
AWormDmg_E_1to5
BactSRInc_Cmp_pct
BactSRInc_Cmp_pct
BactSRInc_Ct_plntPlot
BactSRInc_Ct_plntPlot
BSDMInc_Cmp_pct
BSDMInc_Cmp_pct
BSDMInc_Ct_plntPlot
BSDMInc_Ct_plntPlot
Busseola damage
Busseola damage
Plant damage caused by Busseola larvae.
BusseolaDmg
BusseolaDmg_E_1to5
BusseolaDmg_E_1to5
BusseolaInc_Ct_plntPlot
BusseolaInc_Ct_plntPlot
CharRInc_Cmp_pct
CharRInc_Cmp_pct
CharRInc_Ct_plntPlot
CharRInc_Ct_plntPlot
ChiloDmg_E_1to5
ChiloDmg_E_1to5
CSCInc_Cmp_pct
CSCInc_Cmp_pct
CSCInc_Ct_plntPlot
CSCInc_Ct_plntPlot
CSCMSev_E_1to5
CSCMSev_E_1to5
CSmutInc_Cmp_pct
CSmutInc_Cmp_pct
CSmutInc_Ct_plntPlot
CSmutInc_Ct_plntPlot
CSSSev_E_1to5
CSSSev_E_1to5
CT_M_C
CT_M_C
CTMInc_Cmp_pct
CTMInc_Cmp_pct
CTMInc_Ct_plntPlot
CTMInc_Ct_plntPlot
DiabroticaDmg_E_1to5
DiabroticaDmg_E_1to5
DiatraeaDmg_E_1to5
DiatraeaDmg_E_1to5
DMJInc_Cmp_pct
DMJInc_Cmp_pct
DMJInc_Ct_plntPlot
DMJInc_Ct_plntPlot
DMSInc_Cmp_pct
DMSInc_Cmp_pct
DMSInc_Ct_plntPlot
DMSInc_Ct_plntPlot
Sorghum downy mildew severity
Sorghum downy mildew (Peronosclerospora sorghi) severity.
DMSSev
Sorghum downy mildew severity
DMSSev_E_1to5
DMSSev_E_1to5
DMVInc_Cmp_pct
DMVInc_Cmp_pct
DMVInc_Ct_plntPlot
DMVInc_Ct_plntPlot
Ear leaf senescence date - Computation
Record date when 50% of the plants have a dry ear leaf.
Ear leaf senescence date - Computation
ELSenD
ELSen_Date_ymd
ELSen_Date_ymd
DTELSen
ELSen_DT_day
ELSen_DT_day
FgramSRInc_Cmp_pct
FgramSRInc_Cmp_pct
FgramSRInc_Ct_plntPlot
FgramSRInc_Ct_plntPlot
FmonSRInc_Cmp_pct
FmonSRInc_Cmp_pct
FmonSRInc_Ct_plntPlot
FmonSRInc_Ct_plntPlot
Fusarium moniliforme stalk rot severity
FmonSRSev
Fusarium moniliforme stalk rot severity.
Fusarium moniliforme stalk rot severity
FmonSRSev - Estimation
Observe fusarium moniliforme stalk rot severity on plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
FmonSRSev - Estimation
FmonSRSev_E_1to5
FmonSRSev_E_1to5
FungDis_E_0to1
FungDis_E_0to1
Text
Text
FungDis_E_text
FungDis_E_text
FusSRInc_Cmp_pct
FusSRInc_Cmp_pct
FusSRInc_Ct_plntPlot
FusSRInc_Ct_plntPlot
GWLostWeev_Cmp_pct
GWLostWeev_Cmp_pct
HSmutInc_Cmp_pct
HSmutInc_Cmp_pct
HSmutInc_Ct_plntPlot
HSmutInc_Ct_plntPlot
Head smut severity
Head smut severity
Head smut (Sphacelotheca reiliana) severity.
HSmutSev
HSmutSev - Estimation
Observe head smut severity on the plants per plot based on degree of infection (relative or absolute area of plant tissue affected by disease).
HSmutSev - Estimation
HSmutSev_E_1to5
HSmutSev_E_1to5
LateWiltInc_Cmp_pct
LateWiltInc_Cmp_pct
LateWiltInc_Ct_plntPlot
LateWiltInc_Ct_plntPlot
LodgInc
Observation of lodging severity.
Lodging incidence
Lodging incidence
LodgInc - Estimation
LodgInc - Estimation
Scored for severity of lodging.
LodgInc_E_1to5
LodgInc_E_1to5
MaturityGDU
Mat_Cmp_Cday
Mat_Cmp_Cday
Maturity date - Estimation
Record the date when excised kernels are longitudinally cut to expose a black internal abscission layer at the base of the kernel that signals the kernel has ceased to absorb nutrients or moisture from the mother plants.
Maturity date - Estimation
MD
Mat_Date_ymd
Mat_Date_ymd
DTM
Mat_DT_day
Mat_DT_day
MCob_Cmp_pct
MCob_Cmp_pct
MCob_Ct_plntPlot
MCob_Ct_plntPlot
MLNSev_E_1to5
MLNSev_E_1to5
MRCVInc_Cmp_pct
MRCVInc_Cmp_pct
MRCVInc_Ct_plntPlot
MRCVInc_Ct_plntPlot
MRDVInc_Cmp_pct
MRDVInc_Cmp_pct
MRDVInc_Ct_plntPlot
MRDVInc_Ct_plntPlot
MRFVInc_Cmp_pct
MRFVInc_Cmp_pct
MRFVInc_Ct_plntPlot
MRFVInc_Ct_plntPlot
MSTVInc_Cmp_pct
MSTVInc_Cmp_pct
MSTVInc_Ct_plntPlot
MSTVInc_Ct_plntPlot
MSVInc_Cmp_pct
MSVInc_Cmp_pct
MSVInc_Ct_plntPlot
MSVInc_Ct_plntPlot
Maize streak virus severity (MSV) severity.
Maize streak virus severity
Maize streak virus severity
MSVSev
MSVSev_E_1to5
MSVSev_E_1to5
NDVI_M_idx
NDVI_M_idx
OA_M_Mpa
OA_M_Mpa
OP_M_Mpa
OP_M_Mpa
PAsp_E_1to5
PAsp_E_1to5
PDMInc_Cmp_pct
PDMInc_Cmp_pct
PDMInc_Ct_plntPlot
PDMInc_Ct_plntPlot
PHTslB_M_cm
PHTslB_M_cm
PHvst_Ct_plntPlot
PHvst_Ct_plntPlot
PRI_M_idx
PRI_M_idx
PsacchInc_Cmp_pct
PsacchInc_Cmp_pct
PsacchInc_Ct_plntPlot
PsacchInc_Ct_plntPlot
PStand_Ct_plntPlot
PStand_Ct_plntPlot
PUnif_E_1to3
PUnif_E_1to3
PVig_E_1to5
PVig_E_1to5
PytSRInc_Cmp_pct
PytSRInc_Cmp_pct
PytSRInc_Ct_plntPlot
PytSRInc_Ct_plntPlot
RLodgInc_Cmp_pct
RLodgInc_Cmp_pct
RLodgInc_Ct_plntPlot
RLodgInc_Ct_plntPlot
RLodgInc - Estimation
Observe and record plants that are root lodged due to weak soil or poorly developed anchorage roots.
RLodgInc - Estimation
RLodgInc_E_pct
RLodgInc_E_pct
SCMVInc_Cmp_pct
SCMVInc_Cmp_pct
SCMVInc_Ct_plntPlot
SCMVInc_Ct_plntPlot
SdlngDisInc_Cmp_pct
SdlngDisInc_Cmp_pct
SdlngDisInc - Counting
SdlngDisInc - Counting
Count the seedling that are affected by seedling diseases per plot.
SdlngDisInc_Ct_plntPlot
SdlngDisInc_Ct_plntPlot
Silking date - Estimation
Observe plants carefully and record date when 50% of plants within a plot area have silks visible (female flowering date). This is determined on a daily basis by counting the number of plants with at least one silk extruded divided by the total number of plants in the plot.
Silking date - Estimation
Silk_Date_ymd
Silk_Date_ymd
SD
DTS
Silk_DT_day
Silk_DT_day
SLodgInc_Cmp_pct
SLodgInc_Cmp_pct
SLodgInc_Ct_plntPlot
SLodgInc_Ct_plntPlot
SlodgInc - Estimation
Divide the total numbers of plants with lodged stems by number of plants harvested.
SlodgInc - Estimation
SlodgInc_E_pct
SlodgInc_E_pct
SRInc_Cmp_pct
SRInc_Cmp_pct
SRInc_Ct_plntPlot
SRInc_Ct_plntPlot
StBorDmg_E_1to5
StBorDmg_E_1to5
StenSRInc_Cmp_pct
StenSRInc_Cmp_pct
StenSRInc_Ct_plntPlot
StenSRInc_Ct_plntPlot
SteWiltInc_Cmp_pct
SteWiltInc_Cmp_pct
SteWiltInc_Ct_plntPlot
SteWiltInc_Ct_plntPlot
StrigaDmg_E_1to5
StrigaDmg_E_1to5
Tillering_Ct_tllrplnt
Tillering_Ct_tllrplnt
WI_M_idx
WI_M_idx
RootCapac_M_uF
RootCapac_M_uF
ShtPub_E_1to3
ShtPub_E_1to3
ShellCobW
Shelled cob weight
Weight of shelled cob.
Shelled cob weight
ShellCobW - Measurement
ShellCobW - Measurement
Record shelled cob field weight.
ShellCobW_FW_gPlot
ShellCobW_FW_gPlot
ShellCobW_FW_kgPlot
ShellCobW_FW_kgPlot
SilkAnCol_E_1to5
SilkAnCol_E_1to5
SilkGrw_M_cm
SilkGrw_M_cm
SilkGrwR_Cmp_cmday
SilkGrwR_Cmp_cmday
SilkLng_M_cm
SilkLng_M_cm
1-5 Stem color scale
1-5 Stem color scale
1= green
2= sun red
3= red
4= purple
5= brown
StemCol_E_1to5
StemCol_E_1to5
Striga plant number
Striga plant number
Number of Striga hermonthica plants.
StrigaPN
StrigaPN_Ct_plntPlot
StrigaPN_Ct_plntPlot
TslBlastSev_E_1to5
TslBlastSev_E_1to5
TslAnCol_E_1to5
TslAnCol_E_1to5
TslDen_E_1to3
TslDen_E_1to3
TslExer_E_1to5
TslExer_E_1to5
TslGlBCol
Anthocyanin coloration at base of tassel glumes.
Tassel glumes base Anthocyanin coloration
Tassel glumes base Anthocyanin coloration
TslGlBAnCol - Estimation
Standard method for glumes base tassel Anthocyanin coloration.
TslGlBAnCol - Estimation
TslGlBAnCol_E_1to5
TslGlBAnCol_E_1to5
Tassel glumes Anthocyanin coloration
TslGlCol
Anthocyanin coloration of tassel glumes excluding the bases of the glumes.
Tassel glumes Anthocyanin coloration
TslGlAnCol - Estimation
Standard method for glumes tassel Anthocyanin coloration. The measurement should exclude the bases of the glumes.
TslGlAnCol - Estimation
TslGlAnCol_E_1to5
TslGlAnCol_E_1to5
TslOpen_E_1to5
TslOpen_E_1to5
TslSiz_E_1to3
TslSiz_E_1to3
TslTyp_E_1to3
TslTyp_E_1to3
TslBN_Ct_branch
TslBN_Ct_branch
TslBW_DW_g
TslBW_DW_g
UpESh_E_1to4
UpESh_E_1to4
GAsh_M_pct
GAsh_M_pct
NIRS GAsh - Measurement
NIRS method for whole-grain ash content
NIRS GAsh - Measurement
GAsh_NIRS_pct
GAsh_NIRS_pct
GIron_M_ppm
GIron_M_ppm
GLys_M_pct
GLys_M_pct
GOil_M_pct
GOil_M_pct
NIRS method for oil content
NIRS GOil - Measurement
NIRS GOil - Measurement
GOil_NIRS_pct
GOil_NIRS_pct
GProt_Cmp_pct
GProt_Cmp_pct
NIRS GProt- Measurement
NIRS method for whole-grain protein content.
NIRS GProt- Measurement
GProt_NIRS_pct
GProt_NIRS_pct
GStarch_M_pct
GStarch_M_pct
GTrp_M_pct
GTrp_M_pct
NIRS GTrp- Measurement
NIRS method for whole-grain tryptophan content.
NIRS GTrp- Measurement
GTrp_NIRS_pct
GTrp_NIRS_pct
GVitA_M_��gg
GVitA_M_��gg
GZinc_M_ppm
GZinc_M_ppm
YLChl_M_CCI
YLChl_M_CCI
GABA_M_ugg
GABA_M_ugg
GGlucose_M_pct
GGlucose_M_pct
RProl_M_ugg
RProl_M_ugg
GSucrose_M_pct
GSucrose_M_pct
Sucrose content in the leaf
Leaf sucrose content
Leaf sucrose content
LSucrose
GW Adjusted - Computation
GW Adjusted - Computation
Compute grain weigh adjuted to 12.5% moisture.
GW FW - Measurement
Count and weigh grains randomly selected from the total grains.
GW FW - Measurement
1-9 disease scoring scale
1-9 disease scoring scale
1= no infection
2= very low infection
3= low infection
4= low to medium infection
5= medium infection
6= medium to high infection
7= high infection
8= very high infection
9= severe infection
1-9 Anthocyanin coloration scale
1-9 Anthocyanin coloration scale
1= absent or very weak
2= very weak to weak
3= weak
4= weak to medium
5= medium
6= medium to strong
7= strong
8= strong to very strong
9= very strong
1-2 absent-present scale
1-2 absent-present scale
1= absent
2= present
umol/g
umol/g
mg/g
mg/g
ng/g
ng/g
ng/��g
ng/��g
EN - Counting
Count the number of ears.
EN - Counting
EN_Ct_earPlot
EN_Ct_earPlot
Grain viability
Grain or seed viability.
GViablty
Grain viability
GViablty - Measurement
GViablty - Measurement
Standard method for grain viability.
1-5 Seed viability scale
1-5 Seed viability scale
1=
2=
3=
4=
5=
GViablty_M_1to5
GViablty_M_1to5
Plant height
PH
Plant height
Plant height from the base to the top part (in reproductive stages to the top of the tassel).
PH - Measurement
Recommended to take multiple plants and measure the height from the base of a plant to the top of the tassel, enter the data individually in the FieldBook and calculate the average.
PH - Measurement
PH_M_cm
PH_M_cm
PHFL
Plant height to ligule of the flag leaf
Plant height to ligule of the flag leaf
Plant height from the base to the ligule of the flag leaf.
PHFL - Measurement
PHFL - Measurement
Recommended to take multiple plants and measure the height between the base of a plant to the ligule of the flag leaf, enter the data individually in the FieldBook and calculate the average.
PHFL_M_cm
PHFL_M_cm
g/plant/day
g/plant/day
EGrwR_Cmp_gplntday
EGrwR_Cmp_gplntday
EW_FW_gPlot
EW_FW_gPlot
Harvest a mature upper ear and measure its weight
EarW Individual - Measurement
EarW Individual - Measurement
EW_M_gear
EW_M_gear
Grain test weight
Grain test weight
Grain test weight of mature kernels.
GTW
GTW - Computation
Standard method for grain test weight.
GTW - Computation
lb/bsh
lb/bsh
GTW_M_lbbsh
GTW_M_lbbsh
GW_Adj_g1000grn
GW_Adj_g1000grn
GW_Adj_g100grn
GW_Adj_g100grn
GW_Adj_g200grn
GW_Adj_g200grn
GW_FW_g200grn
GW_FW_g200grn
GW_FW_g1000grn
GW_FW_g1000grn
GW_FW_g100grn
GW_FW_g100grn
lb/plot
lb/plot
GY_FW_lbPlot
GY_FW_lbPlot
Seedling vigor
Early vigor
Seedling vigor
SdlngVig
Seedling vigor.
SdlngVig_E_1to5
SdlngVig_E_1to5
AspERSev_E_1to9